List of active separatist movements in Europe: Islamic State (ISIL / IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda (Al-Qaeda) in Separatist Regions in Europe

List of active separatist movements in Europe: Islamic State (ISIL / IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda (Al-Qaeda) in Separatist Regions in Europe

sunni vs shia europe

Azerbaijan

Breakaway state

 Artsakh

Belgium

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Belgium

Autonomist movements

 German-speaking Community

Secessionist movements

 Flanders or Flemish Community (the latter includes  Brussels-Capital Region)

 Wallonia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Secessionist movements

 Republika Srpska

Autonomist movements

Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia

Czech Republic

Autonomist movements

Moravia

Denmark

denmark-map-outline_64408

ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Denmark

For movements in Greenland, see List of active separatist movements in North America.

 Bornholm

 Faroe Islands

Finland

 Åland

France

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Secessionist movements

French Basque Country

Historic Brittany, comprising Brittany (administrative region) and parts of  Pays de la Loire

Catalonia Northern Catalonia / Roussillon (predominantly Pyrénées-Orientales)

 Corsica

Savoy

Occitania

 Provence

Autonomist movements

 Alsace

Brittany

 Corsica

 Alpes-Maritimes

Normandy

Savoy

 Occitania

Georgia

Breakaway states

Abkhazia

 South Ossetia

Germany

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Germany

Secessionist movements

Bavaria

Bavaria

Autonomist movements

East Frisia

Franconia[16]

Sorbs

Lusatia

North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate

Schleswig-Holstein

Baden-Württemberg

Pomerania

Italy

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Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Separatist Res Publica Furlane-Parlament Furlan[17], Patrie Furlane, Friulian Front,[18] Autonomist Pact for Autonomy Lega Nord Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Liguria

Lombardy

Piedmont

Map of the EU, showing Padania (as claimed by Lega Nord) in dark green

Northern Italy

Sardinia

Sicily

South Tyrol

Tuscany

Trentino

Aosta Valley

Veneto

Kosovo

Serbia North Kosovo[28]

Moldova

Breakaway state

Transnistria

Proposed independent and autonomous movements

 Gagauzia

Taraclia[29]

Netherlands

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Autonomist movements

Frisia

  • People: Frisian
    • Proposed autonomous area: Frisia
      • Political party: Frisian National Party, (EFA member)
      • Status: Democratic movement seeking greater autonomy for Frisian-speaking people in Friesland[30]

Groningen

Limburg[citation needed]

North Macedonia

Albanian community in North Macedonia

Poland

Autonomist movements

Upper Silesia

Kashubia

Romania

Hungarian community in Romania

Other administrative proposals by regionalist organisations

Russia

Idel-Ural[45]

Karelia

Tatarstan

Kaliningrad

 Udmurtia[47]

Russia’s North Caucasus

Insurgency in the North Caucasus

 Chechnya

Circassia

KarachayBalkaria

Serbia

Republic of Vojvodina within federalized Serbia, proposed by the League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina in 1999 – the map also includes an autonomous Sandžak and Kosovo.
Autonomist movements

Vojvodina Vojvodina

Sandžak

Breakaway state

Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija

Slovakia

Autonomist movements

Southern Slovakia:

  • People: Hungarians
    • Proposed autonomous area: Territorial autonomy for the compact Hungarian ethnic block and cultural autonomy for the regions of Hungarian presence.[53]

Spain

11566158-Political-map-of-Spain-with-the-several-regions--Stock-Vector

Secessionist movements

 Andalusia

 Aragon

 Asturias

 Balearic Islands

Basque Country (autonomous community) Basque Country (autonomous community)

 Canary Islands

 Cantabria

Castile

 Catalonia

Galicia (Spain) Galicia

León

 Navarre

Valencian Community Valencia

Additionally, there are a number of almost extinct secessionist or soveranist movements in other autonomous communities and historical territories, e.g. Extremadura and Murcia.

Cartagena

 Extremadura

 Castilla–La Mancha

 Murcia

Local secessionist (mostly autonomist) movements include Aranesism, Bercianism, Cartagenism, Majorcanism, Manchego autonomism, Navarrism, Valencian Blaverism and Eastern Andalusian autonomism.

Aran Valley

Switzerland

Secessionist movements

Canton of Jura or wider Jura region (including the three districts of Bernese Jura and the Laufen District)[59]

Canton of Ticino

  • People: Ticinesi (Italian-speaking)
Autonomist movements

Jura region

Ukraine

A map of the 2014 pro-Russian protests and unrest in Ukraine, by oblast. Severity of the unrest, at its peak, is indicated by the colouring. ‘RSA’ indicates ‘Regional State Administration’, the name for the governments of the oblasts (regions) of Ukraine.
Proposed autonomous regions

Subcarpathian Ruthenia

Breakaway states

Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea

De facto states

Occupied territories of Eastern Ukraine, controlled by DPR and LPR

 Luhansk Oblast (occupied areas)

 Donetsk Oblast (occupied areas)

United Kingdom

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Secessionist movements

Northern Ireland

 Scotland

 Shetland

 Wales

Autonomist movements

 England

 Scotland

 Wales

 Cornwall (possibly including the Isles of Scilly)

London

  • People: Londoners
    • Proposed autonomous area: London

Canvey Island[80][81][82]

Wessex[83]

 Yorkshire

North East England

Northern Isles

 Orkney

 Shetland

Na h-Eileanan Siar

Mercia

Independence movements of dependent territories

 Isle of Man

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