List of active separatist / separatism (secession /secessionist) movements in Europe and ISIS Islamic State (ISIL / IS) Daesh (Daech / Daish) and Al Qaeda (Al Qaida) Terrorist in Europe

List of active separatist / separatism (secession /secessionist) movements in Europe and ISIS Islamic State (ISIL / IS) Daesh (Daech / Daish)  and Al Qaeda (Al Qaida) Terrorist in Europe

sunni vs shia europe

Various ethnic groups in Europe are seeking greater autonomy or independence. In the European Union (EU), several of these groups are members of the European Free Alliance (EFA). In some cases, the group seeks to unify into a different state — in cases where this does not involve the creation of a new state entity, this is considered to be Irredentism. Analogous irredentist movements are included in the List of active irredentist movements.

Albania

Northern Epirus[5][6]

Azerbaijan

Breakaway state:

 Artsakh

Belgium

 Flanders or Flemish Community (the latter includes  Brussels-Capital Region)

 Walloon Region

 Wallonia and  Brussels-Capital Region[7]

Bosnia and Herzegovina

 Republika Srpska

Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia

Czech Republic

Moravia

Czech Silesia

Denmark

For movements in Greenland, see List of active separatist movements in North America.

 Bornholm

 Faroe Islands

Finland

 Åland

France

Secessionist movements

French Basque Country

Historic Brittany, comprising Brittany (administrative region) and parts of  Pays de la Loire

Catalonia Northern Catalonia / Roussillon (predominantly Pyrénées-Orientales)

 Corsica

Savoy

Occitania

 Provence

Autonomist movements

 Alsace

Brittany

 Corsica

 Alpes-Maritimes

Normandy

Savoy

 Occitania

Georgia

Breakaway states:

Flag of Abkhazia.svg

Abkhazia

 South Ossetia

Germany

Bavaria

East Frisia

Franconia[19]

Lusatia

Schleswig-Holstein

Italy

Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Lombardy

Sardinia

Sicilian Flag.svg Sicily

South Tyrol

Veneto

Map of the EU, showing Padania (as claimed by Lega Nord) in dark green

Northern Italy

Flag of Liguria.svg Liguria

Kosovo

Serbia North Kosovo[28]

Macedonia

Albanian community in Macedonia

Moldova

Breakaway state:

 Transnistria

Proposed independent and autonomous movements:

 Gagauzia

Taraclia[29]

Netherlands

Frisia

  • People: Frisian
    • Proposed autonomous area: Frisia
      • Political party: Frisian National Party, (EFA member)
      • Status: Democratic movement seeking greater autonomy for Frisian-speaking people in Friesland[30]

Groningen

Eindhoven

Limburg[citation needed]

Poland

Upper Silesia

Kashubia

Romania

Hungarian community in Romania

Other administrative proposals by regionalist organisations:

Russia

Karelia

Tatarstan

Russia’s North Caucasus

Insurgency in the North Caucasus

 Chechnya

Circassia

KarachayBalkaria

Serbia

Republic of Vojvodina within federalized Serbia, proposed by the League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina in 1999 – the map also includes an autonomous Sandžak and Kosovo.

Vojvodina Vojvodina

Sandžak

Breakaway state

Flag of Serbia (1992-2004).svg Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija

Slovakia

Southern Slovakia:

  • People: Hungarians
    • Proposed autonomous area: Territorial autonomy for the compact Hungarian ethnic block and cultural autonomy for the regions of sporadic Hungarian presence.[51]

Spain

Secessionist movements

 Andalusia

 Aragon

 Asturias

 Balearic Islands

Basque Country (autonomous community) Basque Country (autonomous community) and  Navarre

 Canary Islands

 Cantabria

Castile

 Catalonia

Galicia (Spain) Galicia

León

 Navarre

Valencian Community Valencia

Additionally, there are a number of almost extinct secessionist or soveranist movements in other autonomous communities and historical territories, e.g. Extremadura and Murcia.

 Extremadura

 Murcia

Local secessionist (mostly autonomist) movements include Aranesism, Bercianism, Cartagenism, Majorcanism, Manchego autonomism, Navarrism, Valencian Blaverism and Eastern Andalusian autonomism.

Aran Valley

Switzerland

Secessionist movements

Flag of Canton of Jura.svg Canton of Jura or wider Jura region (including the three districts of Bernese Jura and the Laufen District)[58]

Flag of Canton of Tessin.svg Canton of Ticino[citation needed]

Autonomist movements

Flag of Canton of Jura.svg Jura region

Ukraine

A map of the 2014 pro-Russian protests and unrest in Ukraine, by oblast. Severity of the unrest, at its peak, is indicated by the colouring. ‘RSA’ indicates ‘Regional State Administration’, the name for the governments of the oblasts (regions) of Ukraine.
Proposed autonomous regions

Subcarpathian Ruthenia

Breakaway state

Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea

United Kingdom

Secessionist movements

 Cornwall

 England

Northern Ireland

 Scotland

 Shetland

 Wales

Autonomist movements

 England

 Scotland

 Wales

London

Canvey Island[74][75][76]

 Cornwall (possibly including the Isles of Scilly)

Wessex[83]

 Yorkshire

North East England or North East Combined Authority area (which excludes Tees Valley)

Northern Isles

 Orkney

 Shetland

Na h-Eileanan Siar

Mercia

Independence movements of dependent territories

 Isle of Man

******

http://www.dw.com/en/beyond-catalonia-separatist-movements-in-western-europe/a-40761144

Beyond Catalonia: Separatist movements in Western Europe

Catalonia’s regional government plans to hold its independence referendum on Sunday. But separatist movements are not unique to Spain: Several other European regions have aspirations of becoming autonomous.

Catalonia, Basque Country, Scotland, Flanders, Padania, South Tyrol, Corsica

The fall of the Soviet Union and break up of Yugoslavia created several new countries in Eastern Europe. Borders in Western Europe, by contrast, have remained firm. Yet, this foundation is being challenged by a series of independence movements, some of which are militant. They have varying chances of success

http://www.dw.com/en/beyond-catalonia-separatist-movements-in-western-europe/a-40761144

*****

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ISIS (ISIL/IS) or Islamic State or Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims

samipeople111

ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

screen-shot-2015-11-27-at-9-15-35-am

http://emerging-europe.com/voices/does-the-sceptre-of-separatism-haunt-emerging-europe/

Does the Sceptre of Separatism Haunt Emerging Europe?

There is much talk in Europe at the moment about the potential spread of separatist movements, a consequence of Catalonia’s referendum on independence. A number of maps have appeared on the internet pointing to various regions which may be next in line. The spectre of disintegrating states haunts some European Union states and is perceived (or instrumented) as a threat by others. In the eastern part of the EU, there is much talk about the case of the Silesians (some even mention the Kashubians) in Poland, the Hungarians of the Székely Land in Romania and Slovakia, Moravians in the Czech Republic, Russians in Latgale (Latvia), and the historical region of Samogitia in Lithuania.
he separatist movements that we should be observing closely are in fact on the other side of the European Union’s border. Supported by Moscow, Gagauzia and Transnistria in Moldova, Donetsk and Luhansk (and even Transcarpathia) in Ukraine may further destabilise the region. The external Russian factor also plays out, however, in Latvia, where the Latgale region is seen as a potential Crimea (this also applies to the north-eastern region of Estonia, inhabited mostly by ethnic Russians). Manipulation of its external minorities by Moscow fuels the fear of separatism and – whatever its real potential – this alone presents a sceptre for the EU.

 

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