Syrian Democratic Forces or SDF
The Syrian Democratic Forces (Arabic: قوات سوريا الديمقراطية, translit. Quwwāt Sūriyā al-Dīmuqrāṭīya, Kurdish: Hêzên Sûriya Demokratîk, Syriac: Ḥaylawotho d’Suriya Demoqraṭoyto), commonly abbreviated as SDF or QSD, are a multi-ethnic and multi-religious alliance of Kurdish, Arab, Assyrian, Armenian, Turkmen, Circassian and Chechen militias in the Syrian Civil War.
|Syrian Democratic Forces|
|قوات سوريا الديمقراطية
Quwwāt Sūriyā al-Dīmuqrāṭīya
Hêzên Sûriya Demokratîk
Haylawotho d’Suriya Demoqratoyto
Flag of the Syrian Democratic Forces
|Active||10 October 2015 – present|
Raqqa Hawks Brigade
Jarabulus Hawks Brigades
|Leaders||SDF Spokesman: Talal Selo|
|Headquarters||Qamishli (capital city)|
|Area of operations||Northern Syria|
|Strength||80,000+ fighters (as of March 2017)|
|Allies|| United States
United Kingdom (alleged)
Germany (denied by Germany)
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
Civilian Defense Force (HPC)
|Opponents|| Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
|Battles and wars||Syrian Civil War
The SDF is dominated in manpower and militarily led by the People’s Protection Units (YPG), a mostly Kurdish militia. Founded in October 2015, the SDF states its mission as fighting to create a secular, democratic and federal Syria, along the lines of the Rojava Revolution in northern Syria. The updated December 2016 constitution of the Democratic Federal System of Northern Syria names the SDF as its official defence force.
The prime opponents of the SDF and their allies are the Salafist and Islamic fundamentalist groups involved in the civil war, in particular the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), Syrian opposition, al-Qaeda affiliates and their allies. The SDF has focused primarily on ISIL, successfully driving them from important strategic areas, such as Al-Hawl, Shaddadi, Tishrin Dam and Manbij.