Peshmerga (Central Kurdish: پێشمەرگە‎, translit. Pêşmerge, IPA: [peːʃmɛɾˈɡɛ]) are the military forces of the autonomous region of Iraqi Kurdistan. The overall formal head of the peshmerga is the President of Iraqi Kurdistan. The peshmerga force itself is largely divided and controlled separately by the Democratic Party of Kurdistan and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, although both pledge allegiance to the Kurdistan Regional Government. Efforts are under way to gather the entire force under the Ministry of Peshmerga Affairs.[3] Peshmerga forces are responsible for defending the land, people and institutions of Iraqi Kurdistan.[4]


Because the Iraqi Army is forbidden by law from entering Iraqi Kurdistan,[5][6] the peshmerga, along with other Kurdish security subsidiaries, are responsible for the security of the Kurdish Region.[7][8][9] These subsidiaries include Asayish (official intelligence agency), Parastin u Zanyarî and (Dzha Terror) (assisting intelligence agency) and the Zeravani (military police).

Flag of Kurdistan.svg

The flag of Kurdistan which Peshmerga uses as their emblem, uniform patch, and battle flag alongside the Iraqi flag.
Active Early 1920s–present
Allegiance Iraqi Kurdistan
Branch Army
Size 150,000[1]–200,000[2]
Headquarters Erbil هةولير(Hewlêr)
March Ey Reqîb
Commander-in-Chief Masoud Barzani
Minister of Peshmerga Affairs Mustafa Qadir Mustafa Aziz
Chief of Staff Lieutenant General Jabar Yawar

In 2003, during the Iraq War, peshmerga were said to have played a key role in the mission to capture Saddam Hussein.[10][11] In 2004, they captured key al Qaeda figure Hassan Ghul, who revealed the identity of Osama Bin Laden‘s messenger, which eventually led to Operation Neptune Spear and the death of Osama Bin Laden.[12][13]


Following a large-scale Islamic State offensive against Iraqi Kurdistan in August 2014, peshmerga and Kurdish forces from neighboring countries have been waging war against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in both Iraq and Syria.


About Koan

Look ISIS (ISIL/IS) or Islamic State or Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims are now in the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America like Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Central America Northern Triangle, Panama Canal, Colombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Border Region and Patagonia. Southern Mexico is now the land of the Mayan Muslims. Islam is now the religion and will become an official religion in Chiapas, Mexico. Muslim groups and peoples from all over the world will come to Chiapas and intermarry with the local Maya tribes. The vengeance of the Maya with the help of Islam and groups like ISIS will wreck havoc on Mexico, Central America and the United States of America. Jews will never be safe in America anymore. Also the Indigenous Native Americans with United States, Canada, Caribbean, Greenland and the other native tribes of Latin America will embrace Islam too. But also the Indigenous Peoples in Europe like the Sami (Laplander) People in the Lapland Scandinavia and the Indigenous Roma / Romani (Gypsy) People of the Balkans. The Ainu and Ryukyu (Okinawan) in Japan. The Papuans of Papua New Guinea. The Mansi and Yakut in Russia. The Aborigines in Australia. The Maoris and Polynesians in New Zealand and the Pacific Islands in the year 2020 to 2070 (1500 in the Muslim Calendar).
This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.