The New Philippine Colonialism (4th Colonialism / Colonial Mentality) by Designated Foreign Influences to the Filipino Culture of Certain Areas / Ethnic Groups in the Philippines with Regionalism, Intermarriages, Multiculturalism, Diversity, Nationalism and Tribalism. The Key to Federalism of the Philippines in the Modern 21st Century. Filipinos are the Latinos of Asia
The Philippines has been changed for the last 500 years due to Colonial Influences came to the Archipelago. Many people came to the Philippines as far as 10000 years ago. The Aetas or Pygmies came to the Archipelago via a Land Bridge; The Indonesians and Malaysian later on. Islam came first to the Southern Philippines in 1380. Then in 1521, the Spanish explored the Philippines with the objective to Colonize and Christianize the Islands.
Spain ruled the Philippines for 300 years that changed the Identity of the Philippines like Languages, Culture and Religion. Also, Filipinos inherited Islamophobia from the Spanish when they fought the Filipino Muslims of the Southern Philippine regions in Mindanao. To this day, there is great friction between Filipino Christians and Muslims even after World War 2 (1946). Also, Spanish introduced corruption, crab mentality, colonial mentality, Filipino Time or procrastination, Christianity, patronage system and political dynasties.
After the Spanish, Americans came to the Philippines to consolidate the Islands that the Spanish failed to do. Americans captured Manila and subdued the Revolution Catholic government of Luzon in the North and Visayas in the Center. After, they massacred lots of Muslims of Mindanao in the South. Americans introduced lots of influences to the Philippines like the English Language, Television, Fastfood, Basketball, Beer, and Technology. American culture is the base of modern Filipino Culture.
The following are the twenty one largest ethnic groups in the Philippines:
- Cebuano (20,160,000; largest)
- Tagalog (13,928,000; second largest)
- Ilocano (9,527,000; 3rdlargest)
- Hiligaynon (8,068,000; 4thlargest)
- Central Bicolano (3,504,000; 5th largest)
- Waray (3,426,000; 6thlargest)
- Kapampangan (2,667,000; 7th largest)
- Albay Bicolano (2,155,000; 8th largest)
- Pangasinan (1,637,000; 9th largest)
- Maranao (1,091,000; 11thlargest) – Muslim / Moro
- Maguindanao (1,077,000; 12thlargest) – Muslim Moro
- Tausug (1,020,000; 13thlargest) – Muslim / Moro
- Masbateño (764,000; 15thlargest)
- Capiznon (724,000; 16thlargest)
- Ibanag (703,000; 17thlargest)
- Zamboangueño (662,914; 18th largest – Zamboanga City Alone)
- Aklanon (555,000; 19thlargest)
- Suriganon (485,000; 20thlargest)
- Kinaray-A (485,000; 21thlargest)
In World War 2, Japanese invaded the Philippines in 1941. The third colonization of the Philippines is made by an Asian Nation not Western. Japanese are cruel due to mass murder and rape. After the war, Filipinos still loved the Japanese because they have culture that is better to Filipinos like Traditions, Food, Anime, Entertainment and Technology.
- 1 There are 18 regions of The Philippines as of May 2015
- 1.1 REGION I (Ilocos Region) in Luzon
- 1.2 REGION 2 (Cagayan Valley) in Luzon
- 1.3 REGION III (Central Luzon)
- 1.4 REGION IV-A (CALABARZON) Luzon
- 1.5 REGION IV-B(MIMAROPA) 17th region Visayas
- 1.6 REGION V(Bicol Region) Luzon
- 1.7 REGION VI (Western Visayas)
- 1.8 REGION VII (Central Visayas)
- 1.9 REGION VIII (Eastern Visayas)
- 1.10 REGION IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)
- 1.11 REGION X (Northern Mindanao)
- 1.12 REGION XI (Davao Region)
- 1.13 REGION XII (Soccsksargen)
- 1.14 (NCR) National Capital Region in Luzon
- 1.15 REGION 14 Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) in Luzon
- 1.16 REGION XV – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)
- 1.17 REGION XIII (CARAGA)
- 1.18 Region XVIII – NIR – Negros Island Region
Today after 1946, Filipinos want to go abroad in search of better life than staying to the Philippines. They do not like their native culture, so they start Imitating Foreign Cultures. Remember: Filipinos is NOT a mono-ethnic group but a coalition of 100+ different ethnic groups in the Philippines. Some of the ethnic groups are big enough to swallow the lands of smaller ethnic groups.
Each Filipino ethnic group has different language, culture and beliefs. That means troubles in the Philippines that became a 3rd world country. For example, Filipino Muslims in the South don’t want be ruled by a Filipino Catholic Christian government in the North; this is the root cause of long conflicts in Mindanao (The South). Even Catholics like Ilocanos don’t want to be ruled by either Tagalogs, Cebuanos or Bicolanos because of mistrust, competition, mistreatment and patronage of public projects and funding priorities. Even other Filipino Ethnic Groups don’t want Ilocanos as their rulers too due to the trauma they suffered under an Ilocano named Ferdinand Marcos and his dictatorship. So I recommend FEDERALISM as a solution to the growing problems in the Philippines especially in the Future or the next 50 years.
The most basic issue in the debate is how many states the Philippines will be broken into under a federal system?
There are at least two proposals so far.
Federalism for the Philippines Proposal by ex-Senate President Aquilino Pimentel Jr
Philippines is divided by 7100 islands, 190 languages, 3 island groups, 18 regions, 84 provinces, 12 dominant indigenous ethnic groups (3 are Muslim) and 2 World Religions.
Loanwords in the Philippine Languages
The Tagalog language has developed a unique vocabulary since its inception from its Austronesian roots. According to lexographer Jose Villa Panganiban, “of the 30,000 root words in the Tagalog language, there are close to 4,000 from Spanish, 3,200 from Malay, 1,500 from English, 1,500 from both Hokkien (Min Nan) and Yue Chinese dialects, 300 from Tamil and Sanskrit, 200 from Arabic, and a few hundred altogether from other languages”. Some linguists[who?] claim that borrowings from Malay and Chamorro cannot be ascertained at this time, as words from the Old Austronesian language and those from Malay and Chamorro are still ambiguous and too similar to be distinguished.
The vast differences between the languages can be seen in the following translations of the Philippine national proverb: He who does not (know how to) look back at his past (where he came from) will not reach his destination. (Those who forget their roots, will not grasp their future)
|English||He who does not (know how to) look back at his past (where he came from) will not reach his destination. (Those who forget their roots, will not grasp their future)|
|Aklanon||Ro uwa’ gatan-aw sa anang ginhalinan hay indi makaabut sa anang ginapaeangpan.|
|Asi (Bantoanon)||Kag tawong waya giruromroma it ida ginghalinan, indi makaabot sa ida apagtuan.|
|Binol-anon||Sija nga dī kahibawng mulingi sa ijang gi-gikanan, dī gajud maka-abot sa ijang padul-ngan.|
|Butuanon||Kadtong dili kahibalo molingi sa iyang atubangan, sigurado jud ma dam-ag.|
|West Miraya Bikol (Ligao)||Kan idi tatao magkiling sa inalian,idi makaabot sa papaidtuhan|
|Gubatnon Bikol (Gubat)||An diri maaram mag-imud sa pinaghalian, diri makaabot sa pakakadtu-an.|
|Buhinon Bikol (Buhi)||Yu di nikiling sa pinagalinan, di makaantos sa pupuntahan.|
|Coastal Bikol (Canaman)||An dai tataong magsalingoy sa saiyang ginikanan, dai makakaabot sa padudumanan.|
|East Miraya Bikol (Daraga)||Su indi tataw makarumdom nung ginitan, indi makaabot sa adunan.|
|West Miraya Bikol (Oas)||Kan na taw na idi tataw mag linguy sa sanyang inalian, idi man maka abot sa sanyang paidtunan.|
|Rinconada Bikol (Iriga)||A dirî tattaoŋ maglīlî sa pinaŋgalinan, dirî makaaābot sa pig-iyānan.|
|Masbateño||An dili maaram maglingi sa ginhalian, kay dili makaabot sa kakadtuhan.|
|Capiznon||Ang indi kabalo magbalikid sa iya ginhalinan, indi makalab-ot sa iya palakadtuan.|
|Cuyonon||Ang ara agabalikid sa anang ing-alinan, indi enged maka-abot sa anang papakonan.|
|Cebuano||Kadtong dili kahibalo molingi sa iyang kagikan, dili makaabot sa iyang padulngan.|
|Caviteño Chabacano||Quien no ta bira cara na su origen no de incarsa na su destinacion.|
|Ternateño Chabacano||Ay nung sabi mira i donde ya bini no di yega na destinasyon.|
|Zamboangueño Chavacano||El Quien no sabe vira el cara na su origen, nunca llega na su destinación.|
|Ibanag||I tolay nga ari mallipay ta naggafuananna, ari makadde ta angayanna.|
|Ifuntok||Nan Adi mang ustsong sinan narpuwan na, adi untsan isnan umayan na.|
|Itawis||Ya tolay nga mari mallipay tsa naggafuananna, mari makakandet tsa angayanna.|
|Ilokano||Ti tao nga saan na ammo tumaliaw iti naggapuanna ket saan nga makadanon iti papananna.|
|Hiligaynon (Ilonggo)||Ang indi makahibalo magbalikid sang iya ginhalinan, indi makaabot sa iya padulungan.|
|Jama Mapun||Soysoy niya’ pandoy ngantele’ patulakan ne, niya’ ta’abut katakkahan ne.|
|Kapampangan||Ing e byasang malikid king kayang penibatan, e ya miras king kayang pupuntalan.|
|Kinaray-a||Ang indi kamaan magbalikid sa ana ginhalinan, indi makaabot sa ana paaragtunan.|
|Manobo (Obo)||Iddos minuvu no konnod kotuig nod loingoy to id pomonan din, konna mandad od poko-uma riyon tod undiyonnan din.|
|Maranao||So tao a di matao domingil ko poonan iyan na di niyan kakowa so singanin iyan.|
|Malay||Orang yang melupakan asal-usulnya tak mungkin mencapai tujuannya.|
|Pangasinan||Say toon agga onlingao ed pinanlapuan to, agga makasabi’d laen to.|
|Romblomanon (Ini)||Ang tawo nga bukon tigo mag lingig sa iya guinghalinan hay indi makasampot sa iya ning pagakadtoan.|
|Sambal (Botolan)||Hay ahe nin nanlek ha pinag-ibatan, ay ahe makarateng ha lalakwen.|
|Sambal||Hay kay tanda mamanomtom ha pinangibatan, kay immabot sa kakaon.|
|Sangil||Tao mata taya mabiling su pubuakengnge taya dumanta su kadam tangi.|
|Sinama||Ya Aa ga-i tau pa beleng ni awwal na, ga-i du sab makasong ni maksud na.|
|Español||El que no sabe mirar atrás, de donde viene, nunca llegará a su destino.|
|Surigaonon||Adton dili mahibayo molingi sa ija ing-gikanan, dili gajod makaabot sa ija pasingdan.|
|Sorsoganon||An diri mag-imud sa pinaghalian diri makaabot sa kakadtuan.|
|Tayabas Tagalog||Ang hindi maalam lumingon sa pinaroonan ay hindi makakarating sa paroroonan.|
|Tagalog||Ang hindi marunong lumingon sa pinanggalingan ay hindi makararating sa paroroonan.|
|Tausug||In di’ maingat lumingi’ pa bakas liyabayan niya, di’ makasampay pa kadtuun niya.|
|Waray (Leyte)||An diri maaram lumingi ha tinikangan, diri maulpot ha kakadtoan.|
|Waray (Northern Samar)||An diri maaram lumingi sa tinikangan, diri maulpot sa kakadtoan.|
|Yakan||Mang gey matau mamayam si bakas palaihan nen, gey tekka si papilihan nen.|
In Colonial Mentality or the New Colonialism (4th Colonialism) of the Philippines in the 21st Century: Remember, this is really different from the past 3 Colonialisms of the Philippines because Philippines will be colonized again by all Foreign Countries with different Cultures from all over the world. They (Foreigners) can’t go or colonize / influence Philippines as they please. The Fourth Colonialism must be designated, regulated and institutionalize. It means that certain Foreign Culture is designated to a certain area or ethnicity which is different from another area / ethnicity. It will be mixed now with Regionalism, Diversity, Nationalism and Tribalism.
Filipinos are Called the Latinos, Hispanics and Blacks of Asia and the Orient
Intermarriage in the Philippines
Colonial Mentality of the Filipinos is like a Cosplay
Colonial Mentality of the Filipinos is like League of Legends
Colonial Mentality of the Filipinos is like Dota 2
Colonial Mentality of the Filipinos is like Overwatch
Colonial Mentality of the Filipinos is like Rainbow Siege Six
Colonial Mentality of the Filipinos is like joining a gang or fraternity
Colonial Mentality of the Filipinos is like joining a gang or fraternity
Colonial Mentality of the Filipinos is like joining a gang or fraternity
Filipinos are everywhere WORLDWIDE than Asians, Blacks and Latinos (Hispanics)
(the number does not include Overseas Filipinos)
(including descendants of Filipinos and persons of partial Filipino ancestry)
figures are for various years, per individual supporting sources cited.Regions with significant populations United States3,416,840 Saudi Arabia1,020,000 United Arab Emirates679,819 Canada662,600 Malaysia325,089 Japan209,373 Qatar195,558 Australia171,233 Kuwait139,802 Hong Kong130,810 Italy128,060 Spain115,362 United Kingdom112,000 Taiwan108,520 South Korea63,464 New Zealand40,347 Israel31,000 Papua New Guinea25,000 Germany20,589 Netherlands16,719 Macau14,544 Sweden13,000 Ireland12,791 Austria12,474 Norway12,262 China12,254 Switzerland10,000′ Kazakhstan7,000 Palau7,000 Greece6,500 Turkey5,500 Mexico1,202
Countries with Filipino populations
- Australia: In the 2011 Census, there were 171,233 people in Australia who were of Filipino descent.[AUS]
- Canada: See Filipino Canadians.
- Greece: See Filipinos in Greece
- Hong Kong: There are approximately 130,000 Filipinos in Hong Kong, many of whom are domestic helpers.
- Ireland: As of 2011 there were 12,791 Filipinos in Ireland.
- Japan: In 2011, the Philippine DFA said that there were 305,972 Filipinos in Japan.[JPN] As of 2013 the Philippine government estimated that there were about 183,000 Filipinos in Japan.
- Lebanon: As of 2013 there were 1,573 Filipinos with permanent residency in Lebanon. In addition, there were several thousand OFW’s in the country, until the recent turmoil between Lebanon and Israel. Since then, many have been repatriated back to the Philippines, while others have been relocated to Cyprus, a part of the Philippine evacuation plan.[LBN]
- Malaysia: See Filipinos in Malaysia
- Mexico: There are approximately 1,200 Filipino nationals who live in Mexico. In addition, there exists a community of Filipino descendants who settled in Mexico during the colonial period. More recently, there were Filipinos who arrived as refugees to Mexico who fled from the Marcos dictatorship. Their communities are found in Guerrero, Michoacán, and Colima.
- Nepal: There are approximately 300 Filipinos in Nepal
- New Zealand: As of 2013 there were about 40,000 Filipino residents and citizens in New Zealand.
- Nigeria: See Filipinos in Nigeria
- Norway: As of 2013 there were about 18,000 Filipinos in Norway, most of them living in the Oslo urban area. In addition to Filipinos who have intermarried with Norwegians, there are at least 900 licensed Filipino nurses, over a hundred oil engineers employed mostly in offshore projects in the western coast of Norway and Filipinos or Norwegians of Filipino descent working in the government sector, diplomatic missions and NGO’s and commercial establishments.
- Oman: See Filipinos in Oman
- Qatar: As of 2014, there were approximately 195,000 Filipinos residing in Qatar.
- Singapore: As of 2013, over 163,000 Overseas Filipinos worked and resided in Singapore.
- South Korea: As of 2013 there were about 60,000 Filipinos living in South Korea.
- Spain: As of 2013 there were about 43,000 Filipinos in Spain, mainly in Barcelona and Madrid. Filipinos have maintained a presence in Spain, given the latter colonised the islands for three centuries, resulting in significant cultural ties.
- Sweden: As of 2013 there were about 13,000 Filipinos in Sweden.
- Taiwan: As of 2013 there were about 90,000 Filipinos living in Taiwan. 2012 figures from the Philippine government list 4,521 Filipinos in Taiwan on a permanent basis, 78,207 temporary, and 2,225 irregular, for a total of 84,953.[not in citation given]
- United Kingdom: See Filipinos in the United Kingdom. Nurses and caregivers have begun migrating to the United Kingdom in recent years. The island nation has welcomed thousands of nurses and various other occupations from the Philippines during the past 5 years. Many Filipino seamen settled in British port cities during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Liverpool even had an area nicknamed ‘Little Manila‘.
- United States: As of 2010 there were 3.4 million Filipinos in the United States, including those of partial descent. Despite race relation problems of the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the American Northwest, most Filipino Americans today find it easy to integrate into American society, with the vast majority belonging to the middle class. Filipinos are the second-largest Asian American group in the country. The United States hosts the largest population of Filipinos outside the Philippines, with a Historic Filipinotown in Los Angeles designated in August 2002, the first district established outside the Philippines to honor and recognize the area’s Filipino community.
- Venezuela: As of 2013 there were about 200 Filipinos living in Venezuela.
Colonial Mentality is a special skill only found in Filipinos in the Philippines; it’s a a natural mechanism to survive in the Foreign Countries in the World better than Blacks, Hispanics and Asians. They are proud of it and do not care what insults that will throw at the Filipinos’ Colonial Mentality (Copy Cat, Wannabe, Fakes, Knock Offs, Imitator, Pretender and Chameleon). Filipinos love to copy Foreign Cultures. They think Copying or Representing Foreign Cultures (Colonial Mentality is a Game like Dota 2 Lol, Overwatch and Rainbow Siege Six or joining a gang or fraternity. But, this (Copying Foreign Cultures) is NEVER a game anymore. This is life and death at stake. They (Filipinos) need to kill and die to defend the new adopted Designated Foreign Cultures. Filipinos will DIE for what they imitate and represent Designated Foreign Culture for and renouncing it will consider a SNITCH and TRAITOR. Look at the example below:
- EXAMPLE: The Filipino Ethnic Group called the Bantoanons (Asi) of Banton and Odiongan, Romblon in the Philippines will be designated to represent the Coptic Christians and Yazidis. It means the Muslims around the world and the Moros (Filipino Muslims like Maguindanao and Tausug) will massacre and rape Bantanons too just what they did on Coptic Christians and Yazidis as their Number 1 Hit List for Muslims. Fight to the death for Survival.
- Bantoanons have different language and different appearance from Tagalogs, Ilocanos, Kapampangans, Moros, Romblomanons, Onhans, Cebuanos, Ilongos and Bicolanos. Surnames started in letter F.
- Yazidis dont practice Islam; they have different appearance and language from Arabs, Kurds, Persians, Assyrians, Syriacs and Turks
- Kag tawong waya giruromroma it ida ginghalinan, indi makaabot sa ida apagtuan.
Bantoanons will be designated to Yazidis
Kag tawong waya giruromroma it ida ginghalinan, indi makaabot sa ida apagtuan.
Yazidis will become Bantoanons‘ Best Friends
Kag tawong waya giruromroma it ida ginghalinan, indi makaabot sa ida apagtuan.
In the 4th Colonialism of the Filipinos in the Philippines in the 21st Century:
A Designated Foreign Culture will be part of Ethnic Identity FOR LIFE and FOREVER to a designated Filipino Ethnic Group. Like Yazidis to Bantoanon Filipinos
SNITCHING IS FORBIDDEN
Filipinos hate but not realize the true meaning of the words from a Chinese Journalist, Chip Tsao said that Philippines (Filipinos) is a Nation of Servants. Just Call them, Foot Soldiers of Nations
Filipinos can proclaim that they are Filipinos only in the Philippines. Filipinos can proclaim their Ethnic Origins in their Ethnic Regional Hometowns only. But abroad (Foreign Countries), Filipinos are somebody else depends to their surroundings (Racial/Cultural Chameleon). Filipinos are very difficult to detect for their safety and survival.
Filipinos are Trolls, Backstabbers, Assassins, Doxxers and Swatters. They do not fight head-to-head because it is only for duels or in defense. They will attack on the back and surprise. They are more dangerous than Asians, Blacks and Latinos combined. They love to kill critics, journalists and activist that other races cannot.
Filipinos can visit, travel and work to any country they want. In permanent settlement, Diaspora and migration, Filipinos will go to countries that designated to the Filipinos according to their Area of Origin (Provinces) or the List Below. It means, they will become citizens, mercenaries and footsoldiers of countries that designated to them. This will change the lives of the Filipino for the next 50 years (year 2070). The Mixing of all Ethnic Filipino Groups’ Cultures, Languages, Beliefs, Traditions, and Intermarriages with Foreign ones will be designated. Look the List Below.
This the Proposal for Permanent Settlement of Foreigners / Expats and Designated Foreign Multicultural Colonial Influences to the Certain Areas (Provinces) in the Philippines. Some Provinces have more than one New Foreign / Colonial Influence:
Metro Manila – by everyone especially America. Muslims will be in Taguig
Abra – by Armenia
Aklan – by Ukraine
Albay – by Christians from Albania
Antique – by Hungary
Apayao – by Abkhazia and South Ossetia (Georgia and Russia)
Aurora – by Ireland
Basilan – Palestine (except Isabela City because it is for Israel and El Salvador)
Bataan – by Britain especially England
Batanes – by Iceland and Greenland
Batangas – Australia
Benguet – by Belarus
Biliran – by New Zealand and Hawaii
Bohol – by Germany
Bukidnon – by Portugal and Brazil
Bulacan – by Canada
Cagayan – by Sweden, Finland and Norway
Camiguin – by Portugal
Capiz – by Romania and Moldova
Catanduanes – by Cuba and Puerto Rico
Cavite – by America
Cebu – by Spain, Catalonia, Canaries in Camotes and Basque in the Bantayan Islands
Compostela Valley – by Bolivia
North Cotabato – North Africa Countries like Egypt and Muslims Sub Saharan Countries
South Cotabato – France, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Britain and America
Dinagat Islands – by Denmark
Guimaras – Monaco, Sicily, Crete, Cyprus and Corsica
Ifugao – Nepal and Bhutan
Iloilo – by France
Isabela – by Israel in the North and El Salvador in the South
Kalinga – by Georgia
La Union– by Mongolia
Leyte – by America, Italy, Latin American Countries, Spain and Germany
Southern Leyte – by Germany, Latin American Countries and Austria
Maguindanao – by (Sunni) Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Yemen and Bahrain
Marinduque – by Kurdistan
Masbate – by Macedonia, Cyprus, Greece and Kosovo
Mountain Province – Switzerland, Peru and Himalayas
Nueva Ecija – Mexico and Central American Countries
Nueva Vizcaya – Panama, Gibraltar, Patagonia, Falklands, Denmark, Iceland and South Africa
Palawan – by India, Sri Lanka, China, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Cambodia, America, Laos, Thailand and Myanmar
Pampanga – by Mexico
Pangasinan – by China
Quezon – Poland, Slovenia, Czech Republic and Slovakia
Quirino – by America, Scandinavia and Canada
Rizal – by Japan
Romblon – by:
- Estonia and Yazidis in Banton
- Latvia and Syriacs in Sibale (Concepcion)
- Lithuania and Assyrians in Simara (Corcuera)
- Poland and Kalash in Calatrava
- Austria and Germany in Alcantara and Santa Maria
- Bulgaria in Magdiwang
- Switzerland in San Fernando
- Japan in Cajidiocan
- Italy and Malta in Romblon and San Agustin
- Malta and Gypsies in Hambil (San Jose)
- Hungary and Coptic Christians in Odiongan
- Romania in Santa Fe
- Luxembourg in Looc
- FLDS, France and Amish in Ferrol
- Ukraine and Kurds in San Andres
Eastern Samar – by Pacific Islander Countries, Mexico, Colombia, Caribbean, New Zealand and Hawaii
Northern Samar – by Bulgaria, Latin American Countries, Serbia and Scotland
Western Samar – by Wales, Northern Ireland and England
Sarangani – Central Asian Countries, Colombia, Muslims of the Balkans like Albania or Bosnia and Turkey
Siquijor – Britain (The Falklands) and Cyprus
Sorsogon – by Serbia and Montenegro
Sultan Kudarat – by Saudi Arabia
Sulu – by Turkey
Tarlac – by Taiwan, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica and Nicaragua
Tawi-Tawi – by Indonesia, Malaysia and Muslim Gypsies
Zambales – by Scotland and Wales