Maute – ISIS Islamic State Franchise group and Marawi Siege
The Maute group which also goes by the name Islamic State in Lanao is a radical Islamist group composed of former Moro Islamic Liberation Front guerrillas and some foreign fighters led by Abdullah Maute, the alleged founder of a Dawlah Islamiya, or Islamic state based in Lanao del Sur, Mindanao, Philippines.
The group figured in a clash with Philippine Army troops in February 2016 that ended with the capture of their headquarters in Butig, Lanao del Sur. There are reports that Omar Maute, Abdullah’s brother, was killed in that clash. There are also reports to the contrary, claiming that he escaped before the camp was overrun and is still alive. Since then the group, which a Philippine Army brigade commander characterized as terrorist, has been conducting a protection racket in the remote settlements of Butig.
The Battle of Marawi (Filipino: Labanan sa Marawi), also known as the Marawi siege (Filipino: Pagkubkob sa Marawi) and the Marawi crisis (Filipino: Krisis sa Marawi), is an armed conflict in Marawi, Lanao del Sur, that started on 23 May 2017 between Philippine government security forces and affiliated militants of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), including the Maute and Abu Sayyaf Salafi jihadist groups.
|Battle of Marawi|
|Part of the Moro conflict and the
Military intervention against ISIL
A building in Marawi is set ablaze by air strikes carried out by the Philippine Air Force.
|Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|
|Commanders and leaders|
| Rodrigo Duterte
(President of the Philippines)
Ronald dela Rosa
| Isnilon Hapilon †
(Abu Sayyaf commander)
Abdullah Maute †
Omar Maute †
Mahmud Ahmad (Senior commander)
| Armed Forces of the Philippines
|| Maute group
Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters
Ansar Khalifa Philippines
|3,000+ soldiers (June)
6,500 soldiers (September)
|Casualties and losses|
|87 civilians dead (40 due to illness),
180,000 evacuated, 84,760 displaced
The location of Marawi within the Philippines
According to the Philippine government, the clashes began during an offensive in Marawi to capture Isnilon Hapilon, the leader of the ISIL-affiliated Abu Sayyaf group, after receiving reports that Hapilon was in the city, possibly to meet with militants of the Maute group. A deadly firefight erupted when Hapilon’s forces opened fire on the combined Army and police teams and called for reinforcements from the Maute group, an armed group that pledged allegiance to the Islamic State, and who are believed to be responsible for the 2016 Davao City bombing, according to military spokesmen.
Maute group militants attacked Camp Ranao and occupied several buildings in the city, including Marawi City Hall, Mindanao State University, a hospital and the city jail. They also occupied the main street and set fire to Saint Mary’s Cathedral, Ninoy Aquino School and Dansalan College, run by the United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP). The militants also took a priest and several churchgoers hostage.
On 26 May 2017, the Armed Forces of the Philippines stated that some of the terrorists are foreigners who have been in the country for quite some time, offering support to the Maute group in Marawi. Their main objective was to raise an ISIL flag at the Lanao del Sur Provincial Capitol and declare a wilayat or provincial ISIL territory in Lanao del Sur.
On 17 October 2017, the day after the deaths of militant leaders Omar Maute and Isnilon Hapilon, President Duterte declared Marawi was liberated. However, Brigadier-General Restituto Padilla, an army spokesman, stated that some fighters remained and operations will continue till their elimination.[36