Islam in Japan: The Ainu of Hokkaido and Ryukyu / Ryukyuan (Okinawan) of Okinawa will be the Indigenous Muslims of Japan

Islam in Japan: The Ainu of Hokkaido and Ryukyu / Ryukyuan (Okinawan) of Okinawa will be the Indigenous Muslims of Japan

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The Ainu or the Aynu (Ainu アィヌ Aynu; Japanese: アイヌ Ainu; Russian: Айны Ajny), in the historical Japanese texts Ezo/Emishi/Ebisu (蝦夷) or Ainu (アイヌ), are an indigenous people of Japan (Hokkaido, and formerly northeastern Honshu) and Russia (Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands and formerly the Kamchatka Peninsula).[7]

The official number of the Ainu is 25,000, but unofficially is estimated at 200,000 due to many Ainu having been completely assimilated into Japanese society and, as a result, having no knowledge of their ancestry.

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The Ryukyuan or Lewchewan[4] people (琉球民族? Ryūkyū minzoku, Okinawan: Ruuchuu minzuku), or Uchinaanchu (Okinawan: ウチナーンチュ) are the indigenous peoples of the Ryukyu Islands between the islands of Kyushu and Taiwan.[5] Politically, they live in either Okinawa Prefecture or Kagoshima Prefecture. Their languages make up the Ryukyuan language family,[6] considered to be one of the two branches of the Japonic language family, the other one being Japanese and its dialects.[5]

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ISIS (ISIL/IS) or Islamic State or Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims

Ryukyuans are not a recognized minority group in Japan, as Japanese authorities consider them just a subgroup of the Japanese people, akin to the Yamato people and Ainu. Although unrecognized, Ryukyuans constitute the largest ethnolinguistic minority group in Japan, with 1.3 million living in Okinawa Prefecture alone. There is also a considerable Ryukyuan diaspora. As many as 600,000 more ethnic Ryukyuans and their descendants are dispersed elsewhere in Japan and worldwide; mostly in Hawaii[7] and, to a lesser extent, in other territories where there is also a sizable Japanese diaspora. In some countries, the Ryukyuan and Japanese diaspora are not differentiated so there are no reliable statistics for the former.

Recent genetic and anthropological studies indicate that the Ryukyuans are significantly related to the Ainu people and share the ancestry with the indigenous prehistoric Jōmon period (pre 10,000–1,000 BCE) people, who arrived from Southeast Asia, and with the Yamato people who are mostly an admixture of the Yayoi period (1,000 BCE–300 CE) migrants from Northeast Asia (specifically the Korean peninsula).[3][8][9][10] The Ryukyuans have a specific culture with some matriarchal elements, native religion, and cuisine which had fairly late 12th century introduction of rice. The population lived on the islands in isolation for many centuries, and in the 14th century from the three divided Okinawan political polities emerged the Ryukyu Kingdom (1429–1879) which continued the maritime trade and tributary relations started in 1372 with Ming dynasty China.[5] In 1609 the kingdom was invaded by Satsuma Domain which allowed its independence being in vassal status because the Tokugawa Japan was prohibited to trade with China, being in dual subordinate status between both China and Japan.[11]

During the Meiji period, the kingdom became Ryukyu Domain (1872–1879), after which it was politically annexed by the Empire of Japan. In 1879, after the annexation, the territory was reorganized as Okinawa Prefecture with the last king Shō Tai forcibly exiled to Tokyo.[5][12][13] China renounced its claims to the islands in 1895.[14] During this period, Okinawan ethnic identity, tradition, culture and language were suppressed by the Meiji government, which sought to assimilate the Ryukyuan people as Japanese (Yamato).[5][15][16][17][18][19] After World War II, the Ryūkyū Islands were occupied by the United States between 1945–1950 and 1950–1972. During this time, there were many violations of human rights.[20][21] Since the end of World War II, there exists strong resentment against the Japanese government and U.S. military facilities stationed in Okinawa, as seen in the Ryukyu independence movement.[6][22]

United Nations special rapporteur on discrimination and racism Doudou Diène in his 2006 report,[23] noted discrimination and xenophobia against the Okinawa people, with the most serious discrimination they endure linked to the American military bases on their island for which should be launched an investigation in respect to the fundamental human rights.[24]

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The ISIS (ISIL/IS) Islamic State or Daesh – Al Qaeda, Hamas and Hezbollah Invasion of Latin America: The New Al Andalus (Andalusia / Andalucia) with Indigenous Latino Hispanic Muslims through Colombia in South America and Mayan Mexican Muslims Southern Mexico and Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador in Central America Northern Triangle (Mayanistan / Mayastan), Caribbean and Al Andalus (Southern Spain / Portugal) In the Year 2020 – 2030 – 2040 – 2050 – 2060 and 2070 (1500 in the Muslim Calendar)

The ISIS (ISIL/IS) Islamic State or Daesh – Al Qaeda,

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The ISIS (ISIL/IS) Islamic State or Daesh – Al Qaeda, Hamas and Hezbollah Invasion of Latin America: The New Al Andalus (Andalusia / Andalucia) with Indigenous Latino Hispanic Muslims through Colombia in South America and Mayan Mexican Muslims Southern Mexico and Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador in Central America Northern Triangle (Mayanistan / Mayastan), Caribbean and Al Andalus (Southern Spain / Portugal) In the Year 2020 – 2030 – 2040 – 2050 – 2060 and 2070 (1500 in the Muslim Calendar)

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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English

ISIS (ISIL/IS) or Islamic State or Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims are now in the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America like Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Central America Northern Triangle, Panama Canal, Colombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Border Region and Patagonia. Southern Mexico is now the land of the Mayan Muslims. Islam is now the religion and will become an official religion in Chiapas, Mexico. Muslim groups and peoples from all over the world will come to Chiapas and intermarry with the local Maya tribes. The vengeance of the Maya with the help of Islam and groups like ISIS will wreck havoc on Mexico, Central America and the United States of America. Jews will never be safe in America anymore. Also the Indigenous Native Americans with United States, Canada, Caribbean, Greenland and the other native tribes of Latin America will embrace Islam too. But also the Indigenous Peoples in Europe like the Sami (Laplander) People in the Lapland Scandinavia and the Indigenous Roma / Romani (Gypsy) People of the Balkans. The Ainu and Ryukyu (Okinawan) in Japan. The Papuans of Papua New Guinea. The Mansi and Yakut in Russia. The Aborigines in Australia. The Maoris and Polynesians in New Zealand and the Pacific Islands in the year 2020 to 2070 (1500 in the Muslim Calendar).

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Spanish

ISIS (ISIL / IS) o Estado Islámico o Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam y Musulmanes están ahora en los Pueblos Indígenas de América Latina como el Sur de México, Guatemala, Triángulo Norte de América Central, Canal de Panamá, Colombia, Andes, Amazonas, Guyanas, Triple Región Fronteriza y Patagonia. El sur de México es ahora la tierra de los musulmanes mayas. El Islam es ahora la religión y se convertirá en una religión oficial en Chiapas, México. Grupos musulmanes y pueblos de todo el mundo vendrán a Chiapas y se casarán con las tribus mayas locales. La venganza de los mayas con la ayuda del Islam y de grupos como ISIS destruirá estragos en México, Centroamérica y los Estados Unidos de América. Los judíos nunca estarán seguros en América. También los nativos americanos indígenas con Estados Unidos, Canadá, el Caribe, Groenlandia y las otras tribus nativas de América Latina abrazarán el Islam también. Pero también los Pueblos Indígenas en Europa como el Pueblo Sami (Laplander) en la Laponia Escandinava y el Pueblo Indígena Rom / Romaní (Gitano) de los Balcanes. El Ainu y Ryukyu (Okinawa) en Japón. Los papúes de Papua Nueva Guinea. Los Mansi y Yakut en Rusia. Los aborígenes en Australia. Los maoríes y polinesios en Nueva Zelanda y las islas del Pacífico en el año 2020 a 2070 (1500 en el calendario musulmán).

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Arabic
(داعش / داعش) أو تنظيم الدولة الإسلامية أو تنظيم داعش والقاعدة والإسلام والمسلمين الآن في الشعوب الأصلية في أمريكا اللاتينية مثل جنوب المكسيك وغواتيمالا وأمريكا الوسطى مثلث الشمال وقناة بنما وكولومبيا وأندز وأمازون وغيانا وثلاثة منطقة الحدود وباتاغونيا. جنوب المكسيك هي الآن أرض المسلمين المايا. الإسلام الآن الدين وسوف يصبح الدين الرسمي في تشياباس، المكسيك. سوف تأتي الجماعات والشعوب الإسلامية من جميع أنحاء العالم إلى تشياباس وتتكافح مع قبائل المايا المحلية. وانتقام المايا بمساعدة الإسلام وجماعات مثل داعش سوف يدمر في المكسيك وأمريكا الوسطى والولايات المتحدة الأمريكية. اليهود لن تكون آمنة في أمريكا بعد الآن. كما أن الأمريكيين الأصليين الأصليين مع الولايات المتحدة وكندا والكاريبي وغرينلاند والقبائل الأصلية الأخرى في أمريكا اللاتينية سيعتنقون الإسلام أيضا. ولكن أيضا الشعوب الأصلية في أوروبا مثل الشعب السامي (لابلاندر) في لابلاند الاسكندنافية والسكان الأصليين الغجر / الروما (الغجر) من البلقان. إينو و ريوكيو (أوكيناوان) في اليابان. بابوا غينيا الجديدة. مانسي وياكوت في روسيا. السكان الأصليين في أستراليا. ماوريس وبولينيزيا في نيوزيلندا وجزر المحيط الهادئ في عام 2020 إلى 2070 (1500 في التقويم الإسلامي).

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Urdu
ISIS (آئی ایس آئی ایل / ہے) یا اسلامی ریاست یا داعش، القاعدہ، اسلام اور مسلمانوں کو اب جنوبی میکسیکو، گوئٹے مالا، وسطی امریکہ شمالی مثلث، پانامہ کینال، کولمبیا، اینڈیز، ایمیزون، Guyanas، ٹرپل طرح لاطینی امریکہ کے مقامی عوام میں ہیں سرحدی علاقے اور پیٹاگونیا. جنوبی میکسیکو، اب میں Mayan مسلمانوں کی زمین ہے. اسلام اب مذہب ہے اور چیاپاس، میکسیکو میں ایک سرکاری مذہب بن جائے گا. دنیا بھر سے مسلمان گروہوں اور قوموں چیاپاس میں آتے ہیں اور مقامی مایا قبائل سے ناتا جوڑیں گے. آئی ایس آئی ایس کی طرح اسلام اور گروہوں کی مدد سے مایا کے انتقام میکسیکو، وسطی امریکہ اور ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکہ پر کہر برباد کرے گا. یہودیوں اب امریکہ میں محفوظ نہیں ہو گا. اس کے علاوہ امریکہ، کینیڈا، کیریبین، گرین لینڈ اور لاطینی امریکہ کے دیگر اسے قبائل کے ساتھ دیسی مقامی امریکیوں نے بھی اسلام قبول کرے گا. بلکہ سامی (Laplander) جو Lapland اسکینڈینیویا اور سودیشی روما / رومانی (خانہ بدوش) بلقان کے لوگ میں لوگ طرح یورپ میں مقامی عوام. جاپان میں Ainu اور Ryukyu (اوکی ناوا). پاپوا نیو گنی کے Papuans. روس میں مانسی اور Yakut. آسٹریلیا میں پویتراستان. نیوزی لینڈ میں Maoris اور Polynesians اور سال 2020 میں پیسفک جزائر (مسلم کیلنڈر میں 1500) 2070 کے لئے.

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Turkish

Güney Meksika, Guatemala, Orta Amerika, Kuzey Üçgeni, Panama Kanalı, Kolombiya, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Üçlü gibi Latin Amerika Yerli Halklarında olan ISIS (İsrail / İslamcı) veya İslam Devleti ya da Daeş, El Kaide, İslam ve Müslümanlar Sınır Bölgesi ve Patagonya. Güney Meksika şimdi Maya Müslümanlarının ülkesidir. İslam şu anda dindir ve Chiapas, Meksika’da resmi bir din haline gelecektir. Dünyanın dört bir yanından gelen Müslüman gruplar ve insanlar, Chiapas’a gelecek ve yerel Maya kabileleri ile evlilikleşecek. Maya’nın İslam’ın ve ISIS gibi grupların intikamı, Meksika, Orta Amerika ve Amerika Birleşik Devletlerinde büyük yıkıma yol açacak. Yahudiler artık Amerika’da asla güvende olmayacak. Ayrıca Amerika Birleşik Devletleri, Kanada, Karayipler, Grönland ve Latin Amerika’daki diğer yerli kabileleriyle Yerli Yerli Amerikalılar da İslam’ı benimseyecektir. Aynı zamanda Avrupa’daki Yerli Halklar, Laponya İskandinav Cumhuriyeti’ndeki Sami (Laplander) Halkı ve Balkanlar’daki Yerli Romanlar / Çingeneler (Çingene) insanları gibi. Japonya’daki Ainu ve Ryukyu (Okinawan). Papua Yeni Gine Papuanları. Rusya’daki Mansi ve Yakut. Avustralya’daki Aborijinler. 2020-2070 yılları arasında Yeni Zelanda ve Pasifik Adaları’ndaki Maoriler ve Polinezyenler (Müslüman Takvimi’nde 1500).

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German

ISIS (ISIL / IS) oder islamischer Staat oder Daesh, Al-Qaida, Islam und Muslime sind jetzt in den indigenen Völkern Lateinamerikas wie Südmexiko, Guatemala, Zentralamerika Nord-Dreieck, Panamakanal, Kolumbien, Anden, Amazonas, Guyanas, Triple Grenzregion und Patagonien. Süd-Mexiko ist jetzt das Land der Maya-Muslime. Der Islam ist jetzt die Religion und wird eine offizielle Religion in Chiapas, Mexiko. Muslimische Gruppen und Völker aus aller Welt kommen nach Chiapas und vermitteln mit den örtlichen Maya-Stämmen. Die Rache der Maya mit Hilfe des Islam und Gruppen wie ISIS wird Chaos auf Mexiko, Zentralamerika und den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika zerstören. Juden werden in Amerika nie mehr sicher sein. Auch die indigenen Native Americans mit den Vereinigten Staaten, Kanada, Karibik, Grönland und den anderen einheimischen Stämmen Lateinamerikas werden auch den Islam umarmen. Aber auch die indigenen Völker in Europa wie die Sami (Laplander) Menschen im Lappland Skandinavien und die indigenen Roma / Romani (Zigeuner) Menschen auf dem Balkan. Die Ainu und Ryukyu (Okinawan) in Japan. Die Papuas von Papua-Neuguinea. Die Mansi und Yakut in Russland. Die Aborigines in Australien. Die Maoris und Polynesier in Neuseeland und die Pazifischen Inseln im Jahr 2020 bis 2070 (1500 im muslimischen Kalender).

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French

ISIS (ISIL / IS) ou l’État islamique ou Daesh, Al-Qaïda, l’islam et les musulmans sont maintenant dans les peuples autochtones d’Amérique latine comme le sud du Mexique, le Guatemala, l’Amérique centrale Triangle nordique, le canal de Panama, la Colombie, les Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Région frontalière et la Patagonie. Le sud du Mexique est maintenant la terre des musulmans mayas. L’islam est maintenant la religion et deviendra une religion officielle au Chiapas, au Mexique. Des groupes musulmans et des peuples du monde entier viendront au Chiapas et se marieront avec les tribus mayas locales. La vengeance des Mayas avec l’aide de l’islam et des groupes comme ISIS ébranleront le Mexique, l’Amérique centrale et les États-Unis d’Amérique. Les Juifs ne seront plus en sécurité en Amérique. En outre, les Amérindiens Indigènes avec les États-Unis, le Canada, les Caraïbes, le Groenland et les autres tribus indigènes d’Amérique latine embrasseront également l’islam. Mais aussi les peuples autochtones en Europe, comme les Sami (Laplander) en Laponie Scandinave et les Peuples indigènes roms / roms (Gypsy) des Balkans. L’Ainu et Ryukyu (Okinawan) au Japon. Les papous de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée. Les Mansi et Yakut en Russie. Les Aborigènes en Australie. Les Maoris et les Polynésiens en Nouvelle-Zélande et dans les îles du Pacifique en 2020 à 2070 (1500 dans le Calendrier musulman).

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Italian

ISIS (ISIL / IS) o stato islamico o Daesh, Al Qaeda, islam e musulmani sono ora nei popoli indigeni dell’America Latina come Messico meridionale, Guatemala, America Centrale Triangolo settentrionale, Canale di Panama, Colombia, Ande, Amazzonia, Guyanas, Tripla Border Region e Patagonia. Il Messico del Sud è ora la terra dei musulmani Maya. L’Islam è ora la religione e diventerà una religione ufficiale a Chiapas, in Messico. Gruppi e popoli musulmani provenienti da tutto il mondo verranno a Chiapas e si incontreranno con le tribù Maya locali. La vendetta del Maya con l’aiuto dell’Islam e di gruppi come l’ISIS avrà un attacco al Messico, all’America Centrale e agli Stati Uniti d’America. Gli ebrei non saranno mai più sicuri in America. Anche gli Indigeni nativi americani con gli Stati Uniti, il Canada, i Caraibi, la Groenlandia e le altre tribù naturali dell’America Latina abbracceranno anche l’Islam. Ma anche i popoli indigeni d’Europa come la Sami (Laplander) People nella Lapponia Scandinavia e le popolazioni indigene Roma / Romani (zingari) dei Balcani. L’Ainu e Ryukyu (Okinawan) in Giappone. I Papuaci della Papua Nuova Guinea. I Mansi e Yakut in Russia. Gli Aborigeni in Australia. Maoris e Polinesiani in Nuova Zelanda e le isole del Pacifico nel 2020 dal 2070 (1500 nel calendario musulmano).

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Dutch

ISIS (ISIL / IS) of islamitische staat of Daesh, Al Qaeda, islam en moslims zijn nu in de inheemse volkeren van Latijns-Amerika, zoals Zuid-Mexico, Guatemala, de Noord-Amerikaanse Midden-Amerika, Panama Canal, Colombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Border Region en Patagonië. Zuid-Mexico is nu het land van de Maya-moslims. De islam is nu de religie en wordt een officiële religie in Chiapas, Mexico. Moslimgroepen en volkeren van over de hele wereld zullen naar Chiapas komen en met de lokale Maya-stammen intervieren. De wraak van de Maya, met behulp van de islam en groepen zoals ISIS, zal verwoesten verwoesten op Mexico, Midden-Amerika en de Verenigde Staten van Amerika. Joden zullen nooit meer in Amerika veilig zijn. Ook de inheemse inheemse Amerikanen met Verenigde Staten, Canada, Caribisch gebied, Groenland en de andere inheemse stammen van Latijns-Amerika zullen ook de islam omarmen. Maar ook de inheemse volkeren in Europa, zoals de Sami (Laplander) Mensen in de Lapland Scandinavië en de Inheemse Roma / Romani (Zigeuner) Mensen van de Balkan. De Ainu en Ryukyu (Okinawans) in Japan. De Papoeaanse Papoeaanse Nieuw-Guinea. De Mansi en Yakut in Rusland. De Aborigines in Australië. De Maoris en Polynesians in Nieuw Zeeland en de Stille Oceaan in het jaar 2020 tot 2070 (1500 in de moslim kalender).

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Swedish

ISIS (ISIL / IS) eller islamisk stat eller daesh, al qaida, islam och muslimer är nu i ursprungsbefolkningen i latinamerika, guatemala, nordamerikanska centralamerika, panamakanalen, colombia, andes, amazon, guyanas, trippel Border Region och Patagonien. Södra Mexiko är nu de maya muslimernas land. Islam är nu religionen och kommer att bli en officiell religion i Chiapas, Mexiko. Muslimska grupper och folk från hela världen kommer till Chiapas och intermargerar med de lokala Maya-stammarna. Hämnden av Maya med hjälp av islam och grupper som ISIS kommer att fördärva kaos på Mexiko, Centralamerika och USA. Judar kommer aldrig att vara säkra i Amerika längre. Även de inhemska indianerna med USA, Kanada, Karibien, Grönland och de andra inhemska stammarna i Latinamerika kommer också att omfatta islam. Men också de inhemska folken i Europa som de samiska (Lapplander) Människorna i Lapplands Skandinavien och Urinska Roma / Romani (Gypsy) Folk på Balkan. Aina och Ryukyu (Okinawan) i Japan. Papuaerna av Papua Nya Guinea. Mansi och Yakut i Ryssland. Aboriginerna i Australien. Maorierna och Polyneserna i Nya Zeeland och Stilla havet i år 2020 till 2070 (1500 i muslimsk kalender).

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Danish

ISIS (ISIL / IS) eller islamisk stat eller daesh, al qaida, islam og muslimer er nu i oprindelige folk i latinamerika som syd mexico, guatemala, centralamerika nordlige trekant, panamakanalen, colombia, andes, amana, guyanas, triple Border Region og Patagonia. Det sydlige Mexico er nu de maya muslimers land. Islam er nu religionen og vil blive en officiel religion i Chiapas, Mexico. Muslimske grupper og folk fra hele verden vil komme til Chiapas og gifte sig med de lokale Maya-stammer. Hævningen af ​​Maya med hjælp fra islam og grupper som ISIS vil ødelægge kaos på Mexico, Mellemamerika og USA. Jøder vil aldrig være sikkert i Amerika længere. Også de indfødte indianere med USA, Canada, Caribien, Grønland og de øvrige indfødte stammer i Latinamerika vil også omfavne islam. Men også de oprindelige folk i Europa som de samiske (Laplander) Mennesker i Lapplands Skandinavien og Indfødte Romer / Romer (Gypsy) Folk på Balkan. Aina og Ryukyu (Okinawan) i Japan. Papuerne i Papua Ny Guinea. Mansi og Yakut i Rusland. Aboriginerne i Australien. Maorierne og Polyneserne i New Zealand og Stillehavsøerne i årene 2020 til 2070 (1500 i den muslimske kalender).

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Russian

ISIS (ISIL / IS), Исламское государство или Daesh, «Аль-Каида», ислам и мусульмане в настоящее время проживают в коренных народах Латинской Америки, таких как Южная Мексика, Гватемала, Северный треугольник Центральной Америки, Панамский канал, Колумбия, Анды, Амазонка, Гайанас, Пограничный регион и Патагония. Южная Мексика теперь является землей мусульман майя. Ислам теперь является религией и станет официальной религией в штате Чьяпас, Мексика. Мусульманские группы и народы со всего мира приедут в Чьяпас и вступают в смешанные браки с местными племенами майя. Месть майя с помощью ислама и групп, таких как ISIS, разрушит хаос в Мексике, Центральной Америке и Соединенных Штатах Америки. Евреи больше не будут в безопасности в Америке. Кроме того, коренные коренные американцы с Соединенными Штатами, Канадой, Карибским морем, Гренландией и другими местными племенами Латинской Америки тоже будут относиться к Исламу. Но также коренные народы в Европе, такие как саамские (лапландцы) люди в Лапландии Скандинавия и коренные народы рома / рома (цыгане) на Балканах. Айны и Рюкю (Окинава) в Японии. Папуасы Папуа-Новой Гвинеи. Манси и якут в России. Аборигены в Австралии. Маори и полинезийцы в Новой Зеландии и на островах Тихого океана в 2020-2070 годах (1500 в мусульманском календаре).

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Portuguese

ISIS (ISIL / IS) ou Estado Islâmico ou Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam e muçulmanos estão agora nos povos indígenas da América Latina como o México do Sul, Guatemala, Triângulo Norte da América Central, Canal do Panamá, Colômbia, Andes, Amazonas, Guiana Região Fronteiriça e Patagônia. Sul do México é agora a terra dos muçulmanos maia. O Islam é agora a religião e se tornará uma religião oficial em Chiapas, México. Grupos muçulmanos e povos de todo o mundo virão a Chiapas e se casarão com as tribos maias locais. A vingança dos maias com a ajuda do Islã e de grupos como o ISIS causará estragos no México, na América Central e nos Estados Unidos da América. Os judeus nunca mais estarão seguros na América. Também os indígenas nativos americanos com os Estados Unidos, Canadá, Caribe, Groenlândia e as outras tribos nativas da América Latina vão abraçar o Islã também. Mas também os Povos Indígenas na Europa como o povo Sami (Laplander) na Escandinávia Lapónia e os povos indígenas Roma / Romani (ciganos) dos Balcãs. O Ainu e Ryukyu (Okinawa) no Japão. Os papuas de Papua Nova Guiné. O Mansi e Yakut na Rússia. Os aborígines na Austrália. Os Maoris e Polinésios na Nova Zelândia e nas Ilhas do Pacífico no ano de 2020 a 2070 (1500 no Calendário Muçulmano).

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Malaysian

ISIS (ISIL / IS) atau Negara Islam atau Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam dan umat Islam kini berada dalam Orang Asal di Amerika Latin seperti Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Amerika Tengah Utara Triangle, Panama Canal, Colombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple sempadan Wilayah dan Patagonia. kini selatan Mexico adalah tanah umat Islam Mayan. Masuk Islam adalah agama dan akan menjadi agama rasmi di Chiapas, Mexico. kumpulan Islam dan bangsa-bangsa dari seluruh dunia akan datang ke Chiapas dan kawin-mengawin dengan suku-suku Maya tempatan. Dendam Maya dengan bantuan Islam dan kumpulan-kumpulan seperti ISIS akan menghancurkan-hara di Mexico, Amerika Tengah dan Amerika Syarikat. Yahudi tidak akan selamat di Amerika lagi. Juga asli Amerika Indigenous dengan Amerika Syarikat, Kanada, Caribbean, Greenland dan suku kaum asli lain di Amerika Latin akan memeluk Islam juga. Tetapi juga Orang Asal di Eropah seperti Sami (Laplander) Orang-orang di Lapland Scandinavia dan Indigenous Roma / Ahli Balkan Romani (Gypsy). Ainu dan Ryukyu (Okinawa) di Jepun. Papua Papua New Guinea. The Mansi dan Yakut di Rusia. Orang asli di Australia. Maori dan Polynesia di New Zealand dan Kepulauan Pasifik pada tahun 2020-2070 (1500 dalam Kalendar Islam).

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Indonesia

ISIS (ISIL / IS) atau Negara Islam atau Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam dan Muslim sekarang berada di Penduduk Asli / Masyarakat Adat Amerika Latin seperti Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Amerika Tengah Segitiga Utara, Terusan Panama, Kolombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Wilayah Perbatasan dan Patagonia. Meksiko Selatan sekarang adalah tanah Muslim Maya. Islam sekarang menjadi agama dan akan menjadi agama resmi di Chiapas, Meksiko. Kelompok Muslim dan masyarakat dari seluruh dunia akan datang ke Chiapas dan kawin dengan suku Maya setempat. Pembalasan Maya dengan bantuan Islam dan kelompok-kelompok seperti ISIS akan menghancurkan malapetaka di Meksiko, Amerika Tengah dan Amerika Serikat. Orang Yahudi tidak akan pernah aman di Amerika lagi. Juga Penduduk Asli Amerika dengan Amerika Serikat, Kanada, Karibia, Greenland dan suku asli Amerika Latin lainnya juga akan memeluk Islam. Tapi juga Penduduk Asli / Masyarakat Adat di Eropa seperti Orang Sami (Laplander) di Skandinavia Lapland dan Orang Roma / Romani Asli (Gipsi) di Balkan. Ainu dan Ryukyu (Okinawan) di Jepang. Orang Papua Papua Nugini. Mansi dan Yakut di Rusia. Orang Aborigin di Australia. Orang Maoris dan Polinesia di Selandia Baru dan Kepulauan Pasifik pada tahun 2020 sampai 2070 (1500 di Kalender Muslim).

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Albanian

ISIS (ISIL / IS) ose Shteti Islamik ose Daesh, Al Kaeda, Islami dhe Muslimanët janë tani në Popullësitë Indigjene të Amerikës Latine si Meksika e Jugut, Guatemala, Amerika Qendrore Triangle Veriore, Canal Panama, Kolumbi, Ande, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Rajoni kufitar dhe Patagoni. Meksika e Jugut tani është vendi i myslimanëve Mayan. Islami është tani feja dhe do të bëhet një fe zyrtare në Chiapas, Meksikë. Grupet muslimane dhe popujt nga e gjithë bota do të vijnë në Chiapas dhe do të martohen me fiset lokale Maya. Hakmarrja e Mayës me ndihmën e Islamit dhe grupeve si ISIS do të shkatërronte kërdi në Meksikë, Amerikë Qendrore dhe Shtetet e Bashkuara të Amerikës. Çifutët nuk do të jenë kurrë më të sigurt në Amerikë. Gjithashtu, amerikanët indigjenë me Shtetet e Bashkuara, Kanada, Karaibe, Grenlandë dhe fiset e tjera amtare të Amerikës Latine do ta përqafojnë edhe Islamin. Por edhe popujt indigjenë në Evropë, si njerëzit e Sami (Laplander) në skandinavën e Laplandit dhe romët (romët) indigjenë të Ballkanit. Ainu dhe Ryukyu (Okinawan) në Japoni. Papuans të Papua Guinesë së Re. Mansi dhe Yakut në Rusi. Aborigjenët në Australi. Maoris dhe Polinezianët në Zelandën e Re dhe Ishujt e Paqësorit në vitin 2020 deri në vitin 2070 (1500 në Kalendarin Musliman).

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Bosnian

ISIS (ISIL / IS) ili Islamska država ili Daesh, Al Kaida, islam i muslimane su sada u autohtone narode Latinske Amerike kao što su Southern Meksiko, Gvatemala, Centralna Amerika Sjeverna Triangle, Panamski kanal, Kolumbija, Anda, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Border Region i Patagonije. Južnom Meksiku je sada zemlja Maja muslimana. Islam je sada religija i da će postati zvanična religija u Chiapas, Meksiko. Muslimanskih grupa i naroda iz cijelog svijeta će doći do Chiapas i brakove sa lokalnim Maya plemena. Osvete Maja uz pomoć islama i grupa poput ISIS će izazivaju nerede na Meksiko, Srednja Amerika i Sjedinjene Američke Države. Jevreji nikada neće biti siguran u Americi više. Takođe, autohtonih Indijanaca sa Sjedinjenim Državama, Kanadi, Karibima, Grenlanda i drugi native plemena Latinske Amerike će prihvatiti islam previše. Ali i autohtonih naroda u Europi kao što je Sami (Laponac) Ljudi u Lapland Skandinavije i autohtonih Roma / Romani (Gypsy) Ljudi na Balkanu. Ainu i Ryukyu (Okinave) u Japanu. U Papuans Papua Nova Gvineja. U Mansi i Yakut u Rusiji. Aboridžini u Australiji. Na Maori i Polinežani u Novi Zeland i Pacifički Otoci u 2020. godini do 2070 (1500 u muslimanskom kalendaru).

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Japanese

南アフリカ、グアテマラ、中央アメリカ北部トライアングル、パナマ運河、コロンビア、アンデス、アマゾン、ガイアナ、トリプルのような南米の先住民族にISIS(ISIL / IS)またはイスラム教国家やダエシュ、アルカイダ、ボーダー地域とパタゴニア。南メキシコは現在、マヤイスラム教徒の国です。イスラム教は現在宗教であり、メキシコのチアパスで正式な宗教になる。世界各地のイスラム教徒のグループや人々がチアパスに来て、地元のマヤ族と交際するでしょう。 ISISのようなイスラムやグループの助けを借りてのマヤの復讐は、メキシコ、中米、アメリカに大混乱を招くでしょう。ユダヤ人はもうアメリカでは安全ではありません。また、アメリカ、カナダ、カリブ、グリーンランド、その他のネイティブのラテンアメリカの部族を持つ先住民族のアメリカ人もイスラム教を受け入れます。しかし、ヨーロッパの先住民は、ラップランド・スカンジナビアのサミ(ラプランダー)人とバルカン人の先住民ローマ/ロマーニ(ジプシー)の人々のようなものです。日本のアイヌと琉球(沖縄)。パプアニューギニアのパプア人。ロシアのマンシとヤクート。オーストラリアのアボリジニ。 2020年から2070年のニュージーランドと太平洋諸島のマオリスとポリネシア人(イスラム教徒のカレンダーで1500人)。

 

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The ISIS (IS/ISIL) Islamic State or Daesh – Al Qaeda Invasion and Islam and Muslims of Europe with the Help of Indigenous Sami (Laplander) People in the Lapland Scandinavia and the Indigenous Roma / Romani (Gypsy) People of the Balkans

The ISIS (IS/ISIL) Islamic State or Daesh – Al Qaeda Invasion and Islam and Muslims of Europe with the Help of Indigenous Sami (Laplander) People in the Lapland Scandinavia and the Indigenous Roma / Romani (Gypsy) People of the Balkanschico220px-LocationSapmi

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America, Americas and Europe

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English

ISIS (ISIL/IS) or Islamic State or Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims are now in the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America like Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Central America Northern Triangle, Panama Canal, Colombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Border Region and Patagonia. Southern Mexico is now the land of the Mayan Muslims. Islam is now the religion and will become an official religion in Chiapas, Mexico. Muslim groups and peoples from all over the world will come to Chiapas and intermarry with the local Maya tribes. The vengeance of the Maya with the help of Islam and groups like ISIS will wreck havoc on Mexico, Central America and the United States of America. Jews will never be safe in America anymore. Also the Indigenous Native Americans with United States, Canada, Caribbean, Greenland and the other native tribes of Latin America will embrace Islam too. But also the Indigenous Peoples in Europe like the Sami (Laplander) People in the Lapland Scandinavia and the Indigenous Roma / Romani (Gypsy) People of the Balkans

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Spanish

ISIS (ISIL / IS) o Estado Islámico o Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam y Musulmanes están ahora en los Pueblos Indígenas de América Latina como el Sur de México, Guatemala, Triángulo Norte de América Central, Canal de Panamá, Colombia, Andes, Amazonas, Guyanas, Triple Región Fronteriza y Patagonia. El sur de México es ahora la tierra de los musulmanes mayas. El Islam es ahora la religión y se convertirá en una religión oficial en Chiapas, México. Grupos musulmanes y pueblos de todo el mundo vendrán a Chiapas y se casarán con las tribus mayas locales. La venganza de los mayas con la ayuda del Islam y de grupos como ISIS destruirá estragos en México, Centroamérica y los Estados Unidos de América. Los judíos nunca estarán seguros en América. También los nativos americanos indígenas con Estados Unidos, Canadá, el Caribe, Groenlandia y las otras tribus nativas de América Latina abrazarán el Islam también. Pero también los Pueblos Indígenas en Europa como el Pueblo Sami (Laplander) en la Laponia Escandinavia y el Pueblo Indígena Rom / Romaní (Gitano) de los Balcanes

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Arabic

ISIS (ISIL / IS) أو الدولة الإسلامية أو Daesh داعش، القاعدة، الإسلام والمسلمون الآن في السكان الأصليين في أمريكا اللاتينية مثل جنوب المكسيك وغواتيمالا وأمريكا الوسطى الشمالية المثلث، قناة بنما وكولومبيا وجبال الأنديز، والأمازون، غيانا، الثلاثي منطقة الحدود وباتاغونيا. جنوب المكسيك هو الآن في أرض المسلمين المايا. الإسلام هو الآن دين وسوف تصبح الديانة الرسمية في ولاية تشياباس في المكسيك. والجماعات الإسلامية والشعوب من جميع أنحاء العالم يأتون إلى ولاية تشياباس وتزاوج مع القبائل مايا المحلية. فإن الانتقام من مايا بمساعدة الإسلام وجماعات مثل ISIS حطام فسادا في المكسيك وأمريكا الوسطى والولايات المتحدة الأمريكية. اليهود لن يكون آمنا في أمريكا بعد الآن. كما الهنود الأصليين مع الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية وكندا ومنطقة البحر الكاريبي، غرينلاند وغيرها من القبائل المحلية من أمريكا اللاتينية واعتناق الإسلام أيضا. ولكن أيضا الشعوب الأصلية في أوروبا مثل الصامي (لابلاندر) الناس في لابلاند الاسكندنافية والسكان الأصليين الغجر / الروما (الغجر) من البلقان

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Urdu

ISIS (آئی ایس آئی ایل / ہے) یا اسلامی ریاست یا داعش، القاعدہ، اسلام اور مسلمانوں کو اب جنوبی میکسیکو، گوئٹے مالا، وسطی امریکہ شمالی مثلث، پانامہ کینال، کولمبیا، اینڈیز، ایمیزون، Guyanas، ٹرپل طرح لاطینی امریکہ کے مقامی عوام میں ہیں سرحدی علاقے اور پیٹاگونیا. جنوبی میکسیکو، اب میں Mayan مسلمانوں کی زمین ہے. اسلام اب مذہب ہے اور چیاپاس، میکسیکو میں ایک سرکاری مذہب بن جائے گا. دنیا بھر سے مسلمان گروہوں اور قوموں چیاپاس میں آتے ہیں اور مقامی مایا قبائل سے ناتا جوڑیں گے. آئی ایس آئی ایس کی طرح اسلام اور گروہوں کی مدد سے مایا کے انتقام میکسیکو، وسطی امریکہ اور ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکہ پر کہر برباد کرے گا. یہودیوں اب امریکہ میں محفوظ نہیں ہو گا. اس کے علاوہ امریکہ، کینیڈا، کیریبین، گرین لینڈ اور لاطینی امریکہ کے دیگر اسے قبائل کے ساتھ دیسی مقامی امریکیوں نے بھی اسلام قبول کرے گا. لیکن یہ بھی پسند آئے سامی (Laplander) یورپ کو Lapland اسکینڈینیویا اور سودیشی روما / رومانی (خانہ بدوش) بلقان کے لوگ میں لوگوں میں مقامی عوام

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Turkish

Güney Meksika, Guatemala, Orta Amerika, Kuzey Üçgeni, Panama Kanalı, Kolombiya, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Üçlü gibi Latin Amerika Yerli Halklarında olan ISIS (İsrail / İslamcı) veya İslam Devleti ya da Daeş, El Kaide, İslam ve Müslümanlar Sınır Bölgesi ve Patagonya. Güney Meksika şimdi Maya Müslümanlarının ülkesidir. İslam şu anda dindir ve Chiapas, Meksika’da resmi bir din haline gelecektir. Dünyanın dört bir yanından gelen Müslüman gruplar ve insanlar, Chiapas’a gelecek ve yerel Maya kabileleri ile evlilikleşecek. Maya’nın İslam’ın ve ISIS gibi grupların intikamı, Meksika, Orta Amerika ve Amerika Birleşik Devletlerinde büyük yıkıma yol açacak. Yahudiler artık Amerika’da asla güvende olmayacak. Ayrıca Amerika Birleşik Devletleri, Kanada, Karayipler, Grönland ve diğer Latin Amerika ana kabileleri ile Yerli Yerli Amerikalılar da İslam’ı benimseyecektir. Ancak Avrupa’daki Yerli Halklar, Laponya İskandinav Cumhuriyeti’ndeki Sami (Laplander) Halkı ve Balkanlar’daki Yerli Romanlar / Çingeneler (Çingene) insanları gibi

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German

ISIS (ISIL / IS) oder Islamischer Staat oder Daesh, Al Qaida, Islam und Muslime sind jetzt in den indigenen Völkern Lateinamerikas wie Südmexiko, Guatemala, Mittelamerika Nordtriangle, Panamakanal, Kolumbien, Anden, Amazonas, Guyana, Triple Grenzregion und Patagonien. Südmexiko ist jetzt das Land der Maya-Muslime. Der Islam ist nun die Religion und wird eine offizielle Religion in Chiapas, Mexiko. Muslimische Gruppen und Völker aus aller Welt kommen nach Chiapas und verheiraten sich mit den dortigen Maya-Stämmen. Die Rache der Maya mit Hilfe des Islam und Gruppen wie ISIS wird in Mexiko, Zentralamerika und den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika verwüsten. Juden werden in Amerika nie mehr sicher sein. Auch die indigenen Ureinwohner Amerikas mit den Vereinigten Staaten, Kanada, Karibik, Grönland und den anderen einheimischen Stämmen Lateinamerikas werden auch den Islam umarmen. Aber auch die indigenen Völker in Europa wie die Sami (Laplander) Menschen im Lappland Skandinavien und die indigenen Roma / Romani (Zigeuner) Menschen auf dem Balkan

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French

ISIS (ISIL / IS) ou l’Etat Islamique ou Daesh, Al-Qaïda, l’Islam et les Musulmans sont maintenant dans les Peuples Indigènes d’Amérique Latine comme le Sud du Mexique, le Guatemala, le Triangle Nord de l’Amérique Centrale, le Canal de Panama, la Colombie, les Andes, Région frontalière et Patagonie. Le sud du Mexique est maintenant le pays des musulmans mayas. L’islam est maintenant la religion et deviendra une religion officielle au Chiapas, au Mexique. Des groupes musulmans et des peuples du monde entier viendront au Chiapas et se marieront avec les tribus mayas locales. La vengeance des Mayas avec l’aide de l’islam et des groupes comme ISIS fera des ravages sur le Mexique, l’Amérique centrale et les États-Unis d’Amérique. Les Juifs ne seront plus en sécurité en Amérique. Aussi les indigènes amérindiens avec les États-Unis, le Canada, les Caraïbes, le Groenland et les autres tribus indigènes d’Amérique latine embrasseront aussi l’Islam. Mais aussi les peuples autochtones en Europe comme les Sami (Laplander) en Laponie Scandinavie et les Peuples indigènes roms / roms (Gypsy) des Balkans

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Italian

ISIS (ISIL / IS) o Stato islamico o Daesh, Al Qaeda, l’Islam ei musulmani sono ora nelle popolazioni indigene dell’America Latina come il Messico meridionale, Guatemala, America Centrale Triangolo del Nord, Canale di Panama, Colombia, Ande, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Regione di confine e la Patagonia. Sud del Messico è ora la terra dei musulmani Maya. L’Islam è oggi la religione e diventerà una religione ufficiale in Chiapas, Messico. gruppi musulmani e popoli di tutto il mondo verranno a Chiapas e sposarsi con le tribù Maya locali. La vendetta del Maya con l’aiuto di Islam e gruppi come ISIS sarà distruggere il caos sul Messico, America Centrale e Stati Uniti d’America. Gli ebrei non saranno mai più al sicuro in America. Anche gli indigeni nativi americani con Stati Uniti, Canada, Caraibi, la Groenlandia e le altre tribù indigene dell’America Latina saranno abbracciare l’Islam troppo. Ma anche i popoli indigeni d’Europa come la Sami (Lapponia) della Scandinavia della Lapponia e le popolazioni indigene rom e romane (zingari) dei Balcani

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Dutch

ISIS (ISIL / IS) of Islamitische Staat of Daesh, Al Qaeda, de islam en moslims zijn nu in de inheemse volkeren van Latijns-Amerika, zoals het zuiden van Mexico, Guatemala, Midden-Amerika Noord-Driehoek, het Panamakanaal, Colombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyana, Triple Border Gewest en Patagonië. Southern Mexico is nu het land van de Maya-moslims. Islam is nu de religie en zal een officiële godsdienst in Chiapas, Mexico worden. Moslimgroepen en volkeren van over de hele wereld zal naar Chiapas komen en huwen met de lokale Maya stammen. De wraak van de Maya’s met de hulp van de islam en groepen als ISIS zal wrak ravage op Mexico, Centraal-Amerika en de Verenigde Staten van Amerika. Joden zullen nooit meer veilig zijn in Amerika. Ook de inheemse indianen met de Verenigde Staten, Canada, het Caribisch gebied, Groenland en de andere inheemse stammen van Latijns-Amerika zal de islam te omarmen. Maar ook de inheemse volkeren in Europa, zoals de Sami (Laplander) Mensen in de Lapland Scandinavië en de Inheemse Roma / Romani (Zigeuner) Mensen van de Balkan

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Swedish

ISIS (ISIL / IS) eller islamisk stat eller Daesh, al-Qaida, islam och muslimer är nu i ursprungsbefolkningen i Latinamerika som Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Centralamerika Northern Triangle, Panamakanalen , Colombia, Anderna, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple gränsområdet och Patagonia. Southern Mexico är nu landet av Maya muslimer. Islam är nu religionen och kommer att bli en officiell religion i Chiapas, Mexiko. Muslimska grupper och folk från hela världen kommer till Chiapas och beblanda med de lokala Maya stammarna. Hämnd av Maya med hjälp av islam och grupper som ISIS kommer vraket förödelse på Mexiko, Centralamerika och USA. Judar kommer aldrig vara säker i Amerika längre. Även den inhemska indianer med USA, Kanada, Karibien, Grönland och andra infödda stammar i Latinamerika kommer att omfatta Islam också. Men också de inhemska folken i Europa som de samiska (Lapplander) Människor i Lapplands Skandinavien och Ursprungs Roma / Romani (Gypsy) Folk på Balkan

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Danish

ISIS (ISIL / IS) eller islamisk stat eller Daesh, al-Qaeda, islam og muslimer er nu i de oprindelige folk i Latinamerika ligesom det sydlige Mexico, Guatemala, Mellemamerika nordlige trekant, Panamakanalen, Colombia, Andesbjergene, Amazonas, Guyanas, Triple grænseregionen og Patagonien. Southern Mexico er nu landet med de Maya muslimer. Islam er nu den religion og vil blive en officiel religion i Chiapas, Mexico. Muslimske grupper og folk fra hele verden vil komme til Chiapas og gifte med de lokale Maya stammer. Den hævn af Maya med hjælp fra islam og grupper som ISIS vil vraget ravage på Mexico, Mellemamerika og USA. Jøder vil aldrig være i sikkerhed i Amerika længere. Også de indfødte indianere med USA, Canada, Caribien, Grønland og de andre indfødte stammer i Latinamerika vil omfavne Islam også. Men også de oprindelige folk i Europa som de samiske (Laplander) Mennesker i Lapplands Skandinavien og Indfødte Romer / Romaniere (Gypsy) Folk på Balkan

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Russian

ISIS (ISIL / IS) или исламское государство или Daesh, Аль-Каида, Ислам и мусульмане в настоящее время в коренных народах Латинской Америки как Южная Мексика, Гватемала, Центральная Америка Северной Треугольнике, Панамский канал, Колумбия, Анды, Амазонка, Guyanas, Тройные Пограничный район и Патагонии. Южная Мексика теперь земля мусульман майя. Ислам теперь религия и станет официальной религией в штате Чьяпас, Мексика. Мусульманские группы и народы со всего мира соберутся в Чьяпас и породниться с местными племенами майя. Отмщение майя с помощью ислама и групп, как ISIS разрушит хаос в Мексике, Центральной Америке и Соединенных Штатах Америки. Евреи никогда не будут в безопасности в Америке больше. Кроме того, коренные коренные американцы с США, Канадой, странами Карибского бассейном, Гренландией и другими местными племенами Латинской Америки принять ислам тоже. Но также коренные народы Европы, такие как саамские (лапландцы) люди в Лапландии Скандинавия и коренные народы рома / рома (цыгане) на Балканах

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Portuguese

ISIS (ISIL / IS) ou Estado Islâmico ou Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam e muçulmanos estão agora nos povos indígenas da América Latina como o México do Sul, Guatemala, Triângulo Norte da América Central, Canal do Panamá, Colômbia, Andes, Amazonas, Guiana Região Fronteiriça e Patagônia. Sul do México é agora a terra dos muçulmanos maia. O Islam é agora a religião e se tornará uma religião oficial em Chiapas, no México. Grupos muçulmanos e povos de todo o mundo virão a Chiapas e se casarão com as tribos maias locais. A vingança dos maias com a ajuda do Islã e de grupos como o ISIS causará estragos no México, na América Central e nos Estados Unidos da América. Os judeus nunca mais estarão seguros na América. Também os indígenas nativos americanos com os Estados Unidos, Canadá, Caribe, Groenlândia e as outras tribos nativas da América Latina abraçará o Islã também. Mas também os Povos Indígenas na Europa, como o Sami (Laplander) Pessoas na Lapónia Escandinávia e os povos indígenas Roma / Romani (cigano) dos Balcãs

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Malaysian

ISIS (ISIL / IS) atau Negara Islam atau Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam dan umat Islam kini berada dalam Orang Asal di Amerika Latin seperti Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Amerika Tengah Utara Triangle, Panama Canal, Colombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple sempadan Wilayah dan Patagonia. kini selatan Mexico adalah tanah umat Islam Mayan. Masuk Islam adalah agama dan akan menjadi agama rasmi di Chiapas, Mexico. kumpulan Islam dan bangsa-bangsa dari seluruh dunia akan datang ke Chiapas dan kawin-mengawin dengan suku-suku Maya tempatan. Dendam Maya dengan bantuan Islam dan kumpulan-kumpulan seperti ISIS akan menghancurkan-hara di Mexico, Amerika Tengah dan Amerika Syarikat. Yahudi tidak akan selamat di Amerika lagi. Juga asli Amerika Indigenous dengan Amerika Syarikat, Kanada, Caribbean, Greenland dan suku kaum asli lain di Amerika Latin akan memeluk Islam juga. Tetapi juga Orang Asal di Eropah seperti Sami (Laplander) Orang-orang di Lapland Scandinavia dan Indigenous Roma / Romani (Gypsy) Ahli Balkan

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Indonesia

ISIS (ISIL / IS) atau Negara Islam atau Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam dan Muslim kini berada di Masyarakat Adat Amerika Latin seperti Meksiko Selatan, Guatemala, Amerika Tengah Segitiga Utara, Panama Canal, Kolombia, Andes, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Daerah perbatasan dan Patagonia. Meksiko selatan sekarang tanah Muslim Maya. Islam sekarang agama dan akan menjadi agama resmi di Chiapas, Meksiko. kelompok-kelompok Muslim dan orang-orang dari seluruh dunia akan datang ke Chiapas dan kawin dengan suku-suku Maya setempat. Pembalasan dari Maya dengan bantuan Islam dan kelompok-kelompok seperti ISIS akan merusak malapetaka pada Meksiko, Amerika Tengah dan Amerika Serikat. Yahudi tidak akan pernah aman di Amerika lagi. Juga Adat penduduk asli Amerika dengan Amerika Serikat, Kanada, Karibia, Greenland dan suku-suku asli lainnya dari Amerika Latin akan memeluk Islam juga. Tetapi juga Penduduk Asli / Masyarakat Adat di Eropa seperti Orang Sami (Laplander) di Skandinavia Lapland dan Orang Roma / Romani Asli (Gipsi) dari Balkan

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Albanian

ISIS (ISIL / IS) ose Shteti Islamik apo Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islami dhe muslimanët janë tani në Popujt indigjenë të Amerikës Latine si Jugore Meksikë, Guatemala, Amerikën Qendrore Veriore Triangle, Panama Canal, Kolumbi, Ande, Amazon, Guyanas, e trefishtë Rajoni kufitar dhe Patagoni. Southern Mexico është tani vendi i muslimanëve Mayan. Islami është tani feja dhe do të bëhet një fe zyrtare në Chiapas, Meksikë. grupet myslimane dhe popujt nga e gjithë bota do të vijnë në Chiapas dhe bashkohemi me martesë me fiset lokale Maya. Hakmarrja e Maya me ndihmën e Islamit dhe grupeve si ISIS do të thyej kërdi në Meksikë, Amerika Qendrore dhe Shtetet e Bashkuara të Amerikës. Çifutët nuk do të jetë e sigurt në Amerikë më. Gjithashtu indigjene Gjuha amerikanët me Shtetet e Bashkuara, Kanada, Karaibe, Grenlandë dhe fiset e tjera të native të Amerikës Latine do të përqafojnë Islamin too. Por edhe popujt indigjenë në Evropë si Njerëzit Sami (Laplander) në Skandinavinë Lapland dhe Popujt Romë / Romë të Popullit të Ballkanit

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Bosnian

ISIS (ISIL / IS) ili Islamska država ili Daesh, Al Kaida, islam i muslimane su sada u autohtone narode Latinske Amerike kao što su Southern Meksiko, Gvatemala, Centralna Amerika Sjeverna Triangle, Panamski kanal, Kolumbija, Anda, Amazon, Guyanas, Triple Border Region i Patagonije. Južnom Meksiku je sada zemlja Maja muslimana. Islam je sada religija i da će postati zvanična religija u Chiapas, Meksiko. Muslimanskih grupa i naroda iz cijelog svijeta će doći do Chiapas i brakove sa lokalnim Maya plemena. Osvete Maja uz pomoć islama i grupa poput ISIS će izazivaju nerede na Meksiko, Srednja Amerika i Sjedinjene Američke Države. Jevreji nikada neće biti siguran u Americi više. Takođe, autohtonih Indijanaca sa Sjedinjenim Državama, Kanadi, Karibima, Grenlanda i drugi native plemena Latinske Amerike će prihvatiti islam previše. Ali i autohtonih naroda u Europi kao što je Sami (Laponac) Ljudi u Lapland Skandinavije i autohtonih Roma / Romani (Gypsy) Ljudi na Balkanu

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isisandislaminlatinamerica.wordpres.com is now isisandislaminlatinamericablog.wordpres.com

isisandislaminlatinamerica.wordpress.com is now isisandislaminlatinamericablog.wordpress.com

https://isisandislaminlatinamericablog.wordpress.com/

chico

Posted in Uncategorized

Isisandislaminlatinamerica.wordpres.com is closed by the author. Go to mrkowalzki21.wordpress.com or sendrak

Isisandislaminlatinamerica.wordpress.com is closed by the author. Go to mrkowalzki21.wordpress.com Or sendrak

chico

The author is decided to do so for his safety. Isis is losing in raqqa and mosul. The isis online propaganda is under attack the anonymous hacktivists and cops.

Blogs and websites especially in wordpress that is dedicated to terrorism like isis is now under scrutiny by cops.

He is felt that his wordpress website will be attack soon by anonymous hackers / hacktivists , and he will be snatched by cops on the streets and throw to Florence, Colorado prison for supporting terrorism . Also the website’s views is now splited by a blog website named, mrkowalzki21.wordpress.com because it copied some of his posts (isisandislaminlatinamerica).

The Closed Blog Website is received less viewers than 2016 and going to decrease more this years and next year (2018)

Mrkowalzki21.wordpress.com or sendrak wordpress blog website and established before osama bi laden’s death in 2011 and the isis rise in 2014 (unlike the closed blog website in 2016) has more types of posts than isis and terrorism like:

philippines, gangs, fraternities, rebels, mafia, hymns, history, latin america,  colonial mentality, food, music, culture, hiphop, rap, groups, parties, filipino and etc.

soon this blog website will add HVACR or Air-conditioning and refrigeration

wordpress.com has more difficult to use, monitor, manage and control to make blogs than blogger, tumblr, vk and linkedin like loading, waiting, errors, responding in the computer and mobile devices , so he closed that wordpress run blog website instead. Don’t worry, he has more blogs in other websites, memes and photos uploaded in other websites, YouTube playlists and quora.

Thank you for understanding.

 

Posted in Uncategorized

Nice Photo

Nice Photo

ISIS (ISIL/IS) OR ISLAMIC STATE or Daesh – Al Qaeda AND ISLAM IN INDIGENOUS MUSLIM PEOPLES OF (Central America and South America) LATIN AMERICA or Western Hemisphere, Caribbean, United States, Alaska, Canada and Greenland; Also the Sami People and Roma / Romani (Gypsy) People in Europe in the Year 2020 to 2070

turalde

******

chico

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Islam and Indigenous peoples of Panama

Islam and Indigenous peoples of Panama

b-zbbim-exu

Indigenous peoples of Panama, or Native Panamanians, are the native peoples of Panama. According to the 2000 census, there are 285,231 indigenous peoples living in Panama,[1] and they make up almost 5% of the overall population. The Guaymí and Ngöbe-Buglé comprise half of the indigenous peoples of Panama.[2]

Map_of_Central_America1

Many of the tribes live on comarca indígenas,[1] which are administrative regions for an area with a substantial Indian populations. Three comarcas (Comarca Emberá-Wounaan, Kuna Yala, Ngöbe-Buglé) exist as equivalent to a province, with two smaller comarcas (Kuna de Madugandí and Kuna de Wargandí) subordinate to a province and considered equivalent to a corregimiento (municipality).

 

Indigenous groups

 

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Languages

Some native peoples speak Spanish, while many more retain their traditional languages. According to the 2000 census, the following indigenous languages are spoken in Panama:

fss

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According to a 2009 Pew Research Center report, there are 24,000 Muslims in Panama who constitute 0.7 percent of the population.[1]

indigenas_ingles

Early history

The first Muslims in Panama were African slaves from the Mandinka tribe, brought by the Spaniards to work the gold mines in 1552.[2] The Mandinka were Muslims, and their importation was prohibited by Spanish Laws but was violated nonetheless. A group of about 500 that arrived on the Atlantic coast of Panama in 1552, escaped from a sinking ship. They elected a man called Bayano (Vaino) as their leader in the fight against the colonizers. They formed councils, and mosques in the areas now known as Darién Province, Bay of San Miguel, San Blas Islands and the area along the Bayano River, named after Bayano. Bayano gained truces with Panama’s colonial governor, but the well known Commander Pedro de Ursúa successfully captured the guerrilla leader, who was sent to Peru and then Spain where he died. After Bayano’s death, efforts were made to destroy any trace of Islam during that period in Panama. There is no history as what happened to the Muslims who remained in Panama.

PanAmericanHwy3cf2da7875d661c65039fe958ddc1a4fpanamacanal2012-004

Modern Period

The second wave of Muslims were single-male immigrants from the Indian subcontinent and Lebanon who arrived from 1904 to 1913 and later married local women. The first mosque was built by the Ahmadiyya Muslim movement, in 1930.[3] In 1929 another group came from Bombay, India who went on to form the Sunni Indo-Pakistani Muslim Society. From 1929-1948 this organization (renamed Panama Muslim Mission) initiated construction on a mosque in Panama City. The location was half completed and was used for Eid prayers and classes for new Muslims, who numbered about twenty-five blacks of West Indian descent. There was also another group practicing Islam in Colón led by a Jamaican named Basil Austkan, who rented a place for salat on 6th Street and Broadway. In 1932 there was a group of Muslim in San Miguel, Calidonia in Panama City who resided in Short Street where they held meetings and prayers. The Muslims in Panama City of Indo-Pakistan origins had no family structure until 1951 when the first families arrived. In 1963, they purchased a plot in the local cemetery called Jardin de Paz; in 1991, property was purchased in an area called Arraijan, which is now used solely as a Muslim cemetery.

muslim_brotherhood_emblemuae-70499arab-world-political-map-also-called-nation-consists-twenty-two-arabic-speaking-countries-league-all-nations-75844656

Community Development: 1970s to Present

In the mid-1970s some native Panamanians influenced by the Nation of Islam and led by Abdul Wahab Johnson and Suleyman Johnson, began propagating Islam in Panama City and Colón. After meeting with Dr. Abdulkhabeer Muhammad they began to study orthodox Sunni Islam. In 1977 they received financing from Arab merchants in Colon to rent a place on 7th Street and Central Avenue, Colón. This group, due to lack of knowledge and assistance, eventually disintegrated. The Indo-Pakistani Muslims began teaching their children at home in 1965 until 1973, when a small teaching program began in a room above Bazar Hindustan on Central Avenue, Panama City. In 1978, they began to use a place in the area of Perejil, Panama City, where prayers and meetings took place until the completion of the El Centro Cultural Islámico de Colón on January 15, 1982. This masjid was built jointly by the Islamic Call Society (based in Libya) and Salomon Bhikhu a local merchant from India. Since its inauguration, classes have been held in the evenings and Sundays for new Muslims and people interested in Islam, given by Dr. Abdulkhaber Muhammad and in his absence Hamza Beard. In 1991 the Muslim community purchased in Arraiján, which is now used solely as a Muslim cemetery. As of March 1997, there were four mosques Panama.

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Guatemala–Mexico border and The Suchiate River

Guatemala–Mexico border and The Suchiate River

Border between Guatemala (left) and Mexico (right, Lagunas de Montebello National Park) delineated by cleared trees and a white border marker.
b-zbbim-exu

The Guatemala–Mexico border is the international border between Guatemala and Mexico. There is no continuous wall on the border, although there are sections of fence near populated areas and official border crossings.[1] It measures 871 km (541 mi) and runs between north and west Guatemala (the Guatemalan departments of San Marcos, Huehuetenango, El Quiché and El Petén) and the Mexican states of Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tabasco and Chiapas. The border includes stretches of the Usumacinta River, the Salinas River, and the Suchiate River.

The Usumacinta River as viewed from Chiapas, Mexico. The far bank is Guatemala

Photo of a landscape of Mexico-Guatemala border, at the right hand Mexico

Entrance to Mexico in the Ciudad Hidalgo border crossing

Geopolitically, this border represents much of the western and northern boundary of the region of Central America within North America. It is across this border that most of the commerce between Mexico and Guatemala and the rest of Central America takes place.

 

History

In 1881, problems arose for Guatemala when President Justo Rufino Barrios claimed lands Soconusco and Chiapas. The initial position of the Government of Mexico was not to accept discussion about their rights in that region. However, from 1882 began talks to resolve the problem between Matías Romero and Justo Rufino at The Winch at Hacienda de Barrios (Soconusco), where both had possessions. They decided to go to arbitration in the United States.

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The preliminary agreement was signed in New York City on August 12 of 1882, and it stated that: “The Republic of Guatemala dispenses with the argument that has held about his rights to the territory of Chiapas and Soconusco department.” The position of Mexico is well seated in their rights of those territories. The final boundary treaty was signed in Mexico City on September 27 of 1882. The first article provides that: “The Republic of Guatemala forever renounce rights that judges have on the territory of the State of Chiapas and Soconusco your district, and therefore considers the territory as part of the United Mexican States.” As for the delineation of the border itself, Mexico and Guatemala agreed to use straight lines between key points known and accepted by both countries. The measurement and demarcation work was completed in 1902. Soconusco in Guatemala advanced to the Suchiate river and Mexico received the county of Motozintla.

Social media reports of wall during 2016 U.S. presidential campaign

During the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign, social media pages,[2] along with mainstream media sources ran erroneous stories stating that Mexico had built a continuous, fortified wall on the Guatemala–Mexico border. Social media posts and emails often included pictures of other border fences purporting to be a Mexico-Guatemala wall. The pictures were typically of the Mexico–United States barrier, the Israel–Egypt barrier, or the Israeli West Bank barrier.[2]

Immigration issues

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In 2006, Joseph Contreras profiled the issue of Guatemalan immigrants illegally entering Mexico for Newsweek magazine and pointed out that while Mexican president Vicente Fox demanded that the United States grant legal residency to millions of illegal Mexican immigrants, Mexico had only granted legal status to 15,000 illegal immigrants. Additionally, Contreras found that at coffee farms in the Mexican state Chiapas, “40,000 Guatemalan field hands endure backbreaking jobs and squalid living conditions to earn roughly [US]$3.50 a day” and that some farmers “even deduct the cost of room and board from that amount.”[3] The Mexican National Institute of Migration estimated that 400,235 people crossed the border illegally every year and that around 150,000 of them intended to enter the United States.[4]

Gun and drug running

The border with Guatemala is the primary source of military grade weaponry – including rocket-propelled grenades, hand grenades, plastic explosives, and grenade launchers – used by the Mexican drug cartels. The weapons are typically stolen from Central American government munitions stockpiles.[5] A 2010 U.S. diplomatic cable disclosed by WikiLeaks states that Mexico does not have sufficient resources to patrol the border with only 125 officers to monitor the entire 577-mile border.[6] Mexican officials confirm that they do not have sufficient resources as they have been concentrating their efforts on fighting the cartels in the North.[7]

Cities and Border crossing

In 2014, Mexico’s border with Guatemala and Belize had 11 formal crossings (10 with Guatemala and 1 with Belize) and more than 370 informal crossings.[8] As part of an effort known as Plan Frontera Sur (Southern Border Plan), which is intended to limit illegal Central American entry into the country, Mexico will increase the number of formal crossings.[8]

Guatemala and Mexico had 10 formal border crossings in 2004:

  • Ciudad Hidalgo, Chiapas – Ciudad Tecún Umán, San Marcos
  • Talismán, Chiapas|Talismán, Chiapas – El Carmen, San Marcos|El Carmen, San Marcos
  • Union Juárez, Chiapas – Toquían Grande, San Marcos
  • Mazapa de Madero, Chiapas – Sibinal, San Marcos
  • Ciudad Cuahtemoc, Chiapas – La Mesilla, Huehuetenango
  • Carmen Xhán, Chiapas – Gracias a Dios, Huehuetenango
  • Nuevo Orizaba, Chiapas – Ingenieros, El Quiché
  • Frontera Corozal, Chiapas – Bethel, El Petén
  • El Ceibo, Tabasco – El Ceibo, El Petén
  • El Martillo, Tabasco – El Naranjo, El Petén

The Suchiate River (Spanish: Río Suchiate, Spanish pronunciation: [suˈtʃjate]) is a river that marks the southwesternmost part of the border between Mexico (state of Chiapas) and Guatemala (department of San Marcos). From its sources on the southern slopes of the Tacaná volcano in the Sierra Madre range of Guatemala, the river flows in a south-southwesterly direction to the border with Mexico at Unión Juárez (15.070549°N 92.059722°W), past the border towns Talismán and El Carmen, and then Ciudad Tecún Umán and Ciudad Hidalgo (Chiapas) further downstream, where the Puente Rodolfo Robles and a railway bridge cross the river, and on to the Pacific Ocean. Its name comes from the Nahuatl name Xochiatl meaning “flower-water”.

Suchiate River
SuchiateRiver01.JPG

Suchiate River from the border bridge between Ciudad Hidalgo and Ciudad Tecun Uman
Native name (río Suchiate)
Country Guatemala, Mexico
Basin features
Main source Guatemala
(San Marcos)
3,000 m (9,800 ft)
15.163187°N 91.956081°W
River mouth Pacific Ocean
0 m (0 ft)
Basin size 1,400 km2 (540 sq mi)
Physical characteristics
Length 161 km (100 mi)

The pre-Columbian archaeological site of Izapa lies along the river.

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Triple Frontier of South America

Triple Frontier of South America

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The Triple Frontier (Spanish: La Triple Frontera, Portuguese: Tríplice Fronteira) is a tri-border area along the junction of Paraguay, Argentina, and Brazil, where the Iguazú and Paraná rivers converge. Near the confluence are the cities of Ciudad del Este (Paraguay); Puerto Iguazú (Argentina) and Foz do Iguaçu (Brazil). This area is near Iguazú Falls and the Itaipú hydroelectric plant.

Population

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The population in the Triple Frontier is concentrated in three border cities. Of these, the largest is Ciudad del Este in Paraguay, which in 2010 had a population of 390,000, while the smallest with a population of 82,000 is Puerto Iguazú, Argentina. The tourist-centric Brazilian city Foz do Iguaçu has a population of 300,000. The Arab and other Asian immigrant communities, which make up an important part of the urban population in the Tri-Border Area, are estimated to number approximately 50,000.[1]

View from the Argentine side of the border.

Tourism

The Triple Frontier is an important tourist area, within the touristic subregion of the Región de las Aguas Grandes. Visitors can see the Tancredo Neves bridge, which connects the Argentine city of Puerto Iguazú and its Brazilian neighbor, Foz do Iguaçu. At the convergence of the borders, each of the three bordering countries has erected an obelisk, painted in the national colors of the country in which it is located. All three countries can be seen from each of the obelisks.

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The Guarani Aquifer is arguably the biggest reservoir of fresh, potable water in the world – right under Triple Border soil (Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay). The majority (71%) of its 1.2 million square kilometers lies in Brazil.[citation needed]

Terrorist activities

The United States Government cited “clear examples” of Islamic groups in the tri-border region that “finance terrorist activities”. Groups like Egypt‘s al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya, Islamic Jihad, Hezbollah, and Al Qaeda are believed to draw some of their funding from activities in the Triple Frontier.[2][3]

The particular geography of the border region, rampant political corruption and weak judicial system makes it very difficult to monitor organized crime and the illicit activities connected with it.[4] Furthermore, the Paraguayan side of the triple frontier is a desirable haven for terrorist operations since it has no anti-terrorism laws. Thus, financially contributing to terrorist organizations is not punishable by law and terrorist groups operate freely in the region.[citation needed] According to U.S. officials and law enforcement familiar with the region, “Iranian-backed Hezbollah militia have been fostering a well-financed force of Islamist radicals in the region”[5]

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A counter-terrorism expert with the Pentagon’s National Security Study Group described the Tri-border as “the most important base for Hezbollah outside Lebanon itself, home to a community of dangerous fanatics that send their money to financially support Hezbollah.”[5] Out of the 25,000 Lebanese Arabs who live in the region, not all of them support terrorism, but many openly acknowledge they send money to Hezbollah and that Shiite mosques have “an obligation to finance it.”[5]

The Paraguayan authorities say they have evidence that money is being sent to organizations with terrorist connections because of the amount of money leaving Paraguay for the Middle East, said Carlos Altemburger, Chief of the Department for the Prevention and Investigation of Terrorism in Paraguay.[6] In response to the situation, Paraguay approved the entry of 400 US soldiers “for joint military exercises, such as programs on fighting urban terrorists, public security and humanitarian assistance,” according to the Washington Post.[7] However, in October 2006 Paraguay decided not to renew a defense-cooperation agreement.[8]

In 2005, the governments of the three nations stated they would set up a joint intelligence center in Foz do Iguaçú specifically to monitor the situation.[9]

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Amazon Basin and Rainforest

Amazon Basin and Rainforest

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The Amazon basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries. The Amazon drainage basin covers an area of about 7,500,000 km2 (2,900,000 sq mi), or roughly 40 percent of the South American continent. It is located in the countries of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela.[1]

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Most of the basin is covered by the Amazon Rainforest, also known as Amazonia. With a 5,500,000 km2 (2,100,000 sq mi) area of dense tropical forest, this is the largest rainforest in the world.

Languages

The most widely spoken language in the Amazon is Portuguese, followed closely by Spanish. On the Brazilian side Portuguese is spoken by at least 98% of the population, whilst in the Spanish-speaking countries a large number of speakers of indigenous languages are present, though Spanish is predominant.

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There are hundreds of native languages still spoken in the Amazon, most of which are spoken by only a handful of people, and thus are critically endangered. One of the more widely spoken indigenous languages in the Amazon is Nheengatu, which descends from the ancient Tupi language, originally spoken in the coastal and central regions of Brazil. It was brought to its present location along the Rio Negro by Brazilian colonizers who, until the mid-17th century, primarily used Tupi rather than the official Portuguese to communicate. Besides modern Nheengatu, other languages of the Tupi family are spoken there, along with other language families like , Arawak, Karib, Arawá, Yanomamo, Matsés and others.

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The Amazon rainforest (Portuguese: Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia; Spanish: Selva Amazónica, Amazonía or usually Amazonia; French: Forêt amazonienne; Dutch: Amazoneregenwoud), also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 square kilometres (2,700,000 sq mi), of which 5,500,000 square kilometres (2,100,000 sq mi) are covered by the rainforest. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations. The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. States or departments in four nations contain “Amazonas” in their names. The Amazon represents over half of the planet’s remaining rainforests,[1] and comprises the largest and most biodiverse tract of tropical rainforest in the world, with an estimated 390 billion individual trees divided into 16,000 species.[2]

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Andes or Andean Mountains a Good Mountain Fortress for Muslim Immigrants and Indigenous (Amerindian/Indian) Converts like the Kichwa – Quechua – Aymara Inca and Mapuche in South America (Latin America)

Andes or Andean Mountains a Good Mountain Fortress for Muslim Immigrants and Indigenous (Amerindian/Indian) Converts like the Kichwa – Quechua – Aymara Inca and Mapuche in South America (Latin America)

Good for Al Qaeda, ISIS, Taliban, Hamas and Hezbollah

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The Andes or Andean Mountains (Spanish: Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They are a continuous range of highlands along the western edge of South America. This range is about 7,000 km (4,300 mi) long, about 200 to 700 km (120 to 430 mi) wide (widest between 18° south and 20° south latitude), and of an average height of about 4,000 m (13,000 ft). The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina and Chile.

Andes
Andean Mountains
Guican Sierra Nevada del Cocuy.JPG

Panorama of the Andes mountains and their arable lands in Boyaca, Colombia.
Highest point
Peak Aconcagua (Las Heras Department, Mendoza, Argentina)
Elevation 6,961 m (22,838 ft)
Coordinates 32°39′10″S 70°0′40″WCoordinates: 32°39′10″S 70°0′40″W
Dimensions
Length 7,000 km (4,300 mi)
Width 500 km (310 mi)
Naming
Native name Quechua: Anti(s/kuna)
Geography

Map of South America showing the Andes running along the entire western part (roughly parallel to the Pacific coast) of the continent

Map of South America showing the Andes running along the entire western part (roughly parallel to the Pacific coast) of the continent

Along their length, the Andes are split into several ranges, which are separated by intermediate depressions. The Andes are the location of several high plateaus – some of which host major cities, such as Quito, Bogotá, Arequipa, Medellín, Sucre, Mérida and La Paz. The Altiplano plateau is the world’s second-highest after the Tibetan plateau. These ranges are in turn grouped into three major divisions based on climate: the Tropical Andes, the Dry Andes, and the Wet Andes.

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

The Andes are the world’s highest mountain range outside of Asia. The highest mountain outside Asia, Mount Aconcagua, rises to an elevation of about 6,961 m (22,838 ft) above sea level. The peak of Chimborazo in the Ecuadorean Andes is farther from the Earth’s center than any other location on the Earth’s surface, due to the equatorial bulge resulting from the Earth’s rotation. The world’s highest volcanoes are in the Andes, including Ojos del Salado on the Chile-Argentina border, which rises to 6,893 m (22,615 ft).

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ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Islam and Muslims in Mexico and Latin America

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The Andes are also part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges (cordillera) that consists of an almost continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the western “backbone” of North America, Central America, South America and Antarctica.

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Pan-American Highway and Darién Gap the Muslim Immigrant and Indigenous Muslims Highway of Latin America

Pan-American Highway and Darién Gap the Muslim Immigrant and Indigenous (Amerindian/Indian) Muslim Highway of Latin America

PanAmericanHwy

The Pan-American Highway (French: Route / Autoroute Panaméricaine / Transaméricaine, Portuguese: Rodovia / Auto-estrada Pan-americana, Spanish: Autopista / Carretera / Ruta Panamericana) is a network of roads measuring about 30,000 kilometres (19,000 mi)[1] in total length. Except for a rainforest break of approximately 160 km (100 mi), called the Darién Gap, the road links almost all of the mainland countries of the Americas in a connected highway system. According to Guinness World Records, the Pan-American Highway is the world’s longest “motorable road”. However, because of the Darién Gap, it is not possible to cross between South America and Central America.

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The Pan-American Highway passes through many diverse climates and ecological types, from dense jungles, to arid deserts, some of which are passable only during the dry season, and in many regions driving is occasionally hazardous.

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Jake Silverstein, writing in 2006, described the Pan-American Highway as “a system so vast, so incomplete, and so incomprehensible it is not so much a road as it is the idea of Pan-Americanism itself”.[2]

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Development and construction

The concept of an overland route from one tip of the Americas to the other was originally proposed at the First Pan-American Conference in 1889 as a railroad; however, this proposal was never realized. The idea of building a highway emerged at the Fifth International Conference of American States in 1923. The first conference regarding construction of the highway occurred on October 5, 1925. Finally, on July 29, 1937, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Canada, and the United States signed the Convention on the Pan-American Highway, whereby they agreed to speedy construction, by all adequate means.[3] In 1950, Mexico became the first Latin American country to complete its portion of the highway.[4]

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Countries served

Map of the Alaska Highway portion (in red) of the Pan-American Highway system.

The Northern Pan-American Highway travels through 9 countries:

The Southern Pan-American Highway travels through 8 countries:

Important spurs also lead into 4 countries:

Hemispheric overview

Map_of_Central_America1

The Pan-American Highway system is physically mostly complete and extends in de facto terms from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, in North America to the lower reaches of South America. Several southern highway termini are claimed to exist, including the cities of Puerto Montt and Quellón in Chile and Ushuaia in Argentina. West and north of the Darien Gap, it is also known as the Inter-American Highway through Central America and Mexico where it splits into several spurs leading to the Mexico–US border.

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The entire Interstate Highway System in the United States has been officially designated part of the Pan American system by the Federal Highway Administration, although this has never been reflected in any of the official interstate signage. Of the many freeways that make up this very comprehensive system, there are several that stand out because of their mainly north-south orientation and their links to the main Mexican route and its spurs. These include the following:

Northern section

Alaska, Canada and the contiguous 48 states

Interstate 35 in the U.S. state of Iowa. I-35 is a de facto branch of the Pan-American Highway

In Canada, no particular road has been officially or unofficially designated as the Pan-American Highway (the Trans-Canada Highway, which runs mostly east-west, is the country’s only official interprovincial highway system). However, some unofficial claims have been made based on routes that are a natural extension of several key American highways that reach the Canada–US border. British Columbia Highway 97 and Highway 2 to Alberta both pick up where the southern end of the Alaska highway leaves off. Highway 97 becomes U.S. Route 97 at the Canada–US border and eventually ends at Interstate 5 in northern California. British Columbia Highway 99 provides an alternate route from Highway 97 just north of Cache Creek that runs through Whistler and Vancouver before ending at the Canada–US border at the north end of Interstate 5 in Washington State, the beginning of the official Pan-American route south of British Columbia. Meanwhile, Alberta Highway 2 runs south and east to Alberta Highway 3 leading into Lethbridge, then south on Alberta Highway 4 to the Canada–US border where it becomes Interstate 15 in Montana, the first official stretch of the Pan-American Highway south of the Alberta route. I-15 runs south all the way to San Diego where it converges with Interstate 5 then heads east as Interstate 8. This links indirectly via a short stretch of Interstate 10 to Interstate 19 that becomes a spur of the Pan-American highway through Mexico at the Nogales border crossing.

In 1966, the Federal Highway Administration designated the entire Interstate Highway System part of the Pan-American Highway System.[5][6] However comprehensive this designation, there are certain interstates and other smaller highways that attract particular attention because of special names that have been officially or unofficially attached or identity claims that have been made.

The section of Interstate 35 in San Antonio, Texas is referred to as the Pan Am Expressway by locals. I-35 is a northerly continuation of Mexico Highway 85, the original official Mexican route, ending in Duluth, Minnesota, where Minnesota State Highway 61 continues to the Canada–US border near Thunder Bay, Ontario. As a result, the Trans-Canada Highway from Alberta to Thunder Bay has been considered as a possible route for the Pan-American Highway.

Interstate 25 in Albuquerque, New Mexico, was named the Pan-American Freeway,[7]:248 as an extension of highway 45, the Mexican spur linking El Paso to the original route along highway 85 north of Mexico City.[8] This portion of I-25 largely follows the historic Camino Real, and thus serves a culturally significant portion of the Pan American system. Like I-35, the complete route of Interstate 25 is an official northerly continuation towards Alberta, where Highway 2 provides a direct (but unofficial) link to the Alaska Highway.

The Pan American Highway Association claims U.S. Route 81 from its main point of separation from I-35 south of McPherson, Kansas, to Watertown, South Dakota, where it merges with I-29 running north to the Canada–US border near Winnipeg. There it links with the Thunder Bay-Alberta section of the Trans-Canada. Unlike the interstate highways through San Antonio and Albuquerque, the claim for Highway 81 remains unofficial.

Beyond Alberta, the Alaska Highway through Alaska, Yukon and British Columbia is also claimed as a de facto part of the Pan-American Highway, as well as the Dalton Highway in Alaska, which is the only year-round road in North America to reach the Arctic Ocean. The ice road from Inuvik, Canada also reaches the Arctic Ocean but is not claimed as part of the Pan-American system.

Several intra-North American routes have names that make no direct reference to the Pan-American Highway:

  • CanAm HighwayU.S. Route 85, which follows Interstate 25 from El Paso to Denver, Colorado, then continues into to the Canadian province of Saskatchewan, following parts of provincial highways 35, 39, 6, 3, and 2 in succession before terminating at La Ronge. This route was first proposed during the 1920s but was never properly promoted nor developed. A section of the CanAm in southern Saskatchewan has regressed to the point where it is no longer a paved highway.[9]
  • CANAMEX Corridor – similarly designated through the western United States from Arizona north to Montana,[10] and continuing as Alberta Highway 2.
  • NAFTA SuperhighwayInterstate 69 from the Canada–US border at Port Huron, Michigan, to Indianapolis, Indiana, and its partly built extension southward, along with Ontario Highway 402 in Canada. It will have a spur linking to the original Pan-American route through Mexico to Laredo, Texas, and additional branches extending to the Mexican spurs that cross the border at Pharr, Texas, and Brownsville, Texas. When completed, I-69 will become another official route of the Pan American Highway, this time connecting the Mexican routes with the Windsor-Quebec City Corridor in Canada. However, the Canadian extension will have no official status unless so proclaimed by the Ontario and Quebec governments.

Mexico

1933 map of the Inter-American Highway portion of the Pan-American Highway.

The official route of the Pan-American Highway through Mexico (where it is known as the Inter-American Highway) starts at Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas (opposite Laredo, Texas) and goes south to Mexico City along Mexican Federal Highway 85.[citation needed] Later branches were built to the border as follows:

From Mexico City to the border with Guatemala, the highway follows Mexican Federal Highway 190.[11][12][13]

Central America

Pan-American Highway in Chimaltenango (Guatemala), 2001.

Pan-American Highway at David, Chiriquí

The Pan-American (or Inter-American) highway passes through the Central American countries with the highway designation of CA-1 (Central American Highway 1). In Guatemala, it passes through 10 departments, including The Department Of Guatemala, where it passes through Guatemala City. In El Salvador, it passes through the cities of Santa Ana, Santa Tecla, Antiguo Cuscatlán, San Salvador, San Martín, San Miguel, and crosses the border into Honduras at Amatillo. From Honduras, it passes into Nicaragua, passing though the Nicaraguan cities of Chinandega, Estelí, Sebaco Matagalpa, León, and Managua, before entering Costa Rica at Peñas Blancas. In Costa Rica, it passes through Liberia, San José, Cartago, Pérez Zeledón, Palmares, Neily, before crossing into Panama at Paso Canoas. In Panama, it crosses the Panama Canal via the Centennial Bridge, and ends at Yaviza, at the edge of the Darién Gap. The road had formerly ended at Cañita, Panama, 110 miles (180 km) north of its current end. United States government funding was particularly significant to complete the high-level Bridge of the Americas over the Panama Canal, during the years when the canal was administered by the United States.

Belize was supposedly included in the route at one time, after it switched to driving on the right. Prior to independence, as British Honduras, it was the only Central American country to drive on the left side of the road.

Darién Gap

Main article: Darién Gap

The Pan-American Highway is interrupted between Panama and Colombia by a 100 km (60 mi) stretch of marshland known as the Darién Gap. On the South American side, the highway terminates at Turbo, Colombia, while on the Panamanian side, the road terminus is the town of Yaviza. Because of swamps, marshes, and rivers, construction would be very expensive.

Efforts have been made for decades to eliminate the gap in the Pan-American highway, but have been controversial. Planning began in 1971 with the help of United States funding, but this was halted in 1974 after concerns raised by environmentalists. Another effort to build the road began in 1992, but by 1994 a United Nations agency reported that the road, and the subsequent development, would cause extensive environmental damage. There is evidence that the Darién Gap has prevented the spread of diseased cattle into Central and Northern America, which have not seen foot-and-mouth disease since 1954, and since at least the 1970s this has been a substantial factor in preventing a road link through the Darién Gap. The Embera-Wounaan and Kuna have also expressed concern that the road would bring about the potential erosion of their cultures.

One proposed option to bridge the gap is a short ferry link from Colombia to a new ferry port in Panama,[14] with an extension of the existing Panama highway that would complete the highway without violating these environmental concerns.

Southern section

A Vía PanAm shield sign is sometimes found on routes in South American countries (such as Chile) associated with the Pan-American Highway.

Sculpture of a native man standing at the entrance of Fusagasugá, Colombia, over the Highway 40.

Colombia and Venezuela

The southern part of the highway begins in northwestern Colombia, from where it follows Colombia Highway 62 to Medellín. At Medellín, Colombia Highway 54 leads to Bogotá, but Colombia Highway 25 turns south for a more direct route. Colombia Highway 72 is routed southwest from Bogotá to join Highway 25 at Murillo. Highway 25 continues all the way to the border with Ecuador.

Another route, known as the Simón Bolívar Highway, runs from Bogotá (Colombia) to Guiria (Venezuela). It begins by using Colombia Highway 71 all the way to the border with Venezuela. From there it uses Venezuela Highway 1 to Caracas and Venezuela Highway 9 to its end at Guiria.

Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Argentina and Paraguay

Monument on the Equator on the highway near Cayambe, Ecuador.

Ecuador Highway 35 runs the whole length of that country. Peru Highway 1 carries the Pan-American Highway all the way through Peru to the border with Chile.

In Chile, the highway follows Chile Route 5 south to a point north of Santiago (Llaillay), where the highway splits into two parts, one of which goes through Chilean territory to Puerto Montt, where it splits again, to Quellón on Chiloé Island, and to its continuation as the Carretera Austral. The other part goes east along Chile Route 60, which becomes Argentina National Route 7 at the Argentinian border and continues to Buenos Aires, the end of the main highway.[15] The highway network also continues south of Buenos Aires along Argentina National Route 3 towards the city of Ushuaia in Tierra del Fuego. Another branch, from Buenos Aires to Asunción in Paraguay, heads out of Buenos Aires on Argentina National Route 9. It switches to Argentina National Route 11 at Rosario, which crosses the border with Paraguay right at Asunción. Other branches probably exist across the center of South America.

Almost all Pan-American sections in Gran Buenos Aires are modern and fast main highways

Brazil and Uruguay

A continuation of the Pan-American Highway to the Brazilian cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro uses a ferry from Buenos Aires to Colonia in Uruguay and Uruguay Highway 1 to Montevideo. Uruguay Highway 9 and Brazil Highway 471 route to near Pelotas, from where Brazil Highway 116 leads to Brazilian main cities.

Guyana, Suriname and French Guyana

The highway does not have official segments to Belize, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana, nor to any of the island nations in the Americas. However, highways from Venezuela link to Brazilian Trans-Amazonian highway that provides a southwest entrance to Guyana, route to the coast, and follow a coastal route through Suriname to French Guiana.

West Indies section

Plans have been discussed for including the West Indies in the Pan American Highway system. According to these, a system of ferries would be established to connect terminal points of the highway. Travelers would then be able to ferry from Key West to Havana, drive to the eastern tip of Cuba, ferry to Haiti, drive through Haiti and the Dominican Republic, and ferry again to Puerto Rico. Included in this system would also be a ferry from the western tip of Cuba to the Yucatán Peninsula. Mexico has already surveyed a route which will run across the Yucatán, Campeche, and Chiapas to San Cristobal de Las Casas, on the Pan American Highway. (“The Pan American Highway System” by Travel Division Pan American Union, Washington D.C. October 1947)

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The Darién Gap (Spanish: Región del Darién or Tapón del Darién) is a break in the Pan-American Highway consisting of a large swath of undeveloped swampland and forest within Panama‘s Darién Province in Central America and the northern portion of Colombia‘s Chocó Department in South America. The gap begins in Yaviza, Panama and ends in Turbo, Colombia, stretching between 100 km and 160 km (60–100 miles) long.[1] Roadbuilding through this area is expensive, and the environmental cost is high. Political consensus in favor of road construction has not emerged. Consequently there is no road connection through the Darién Gap connecting North America with South America and it is the missing link of the Pan-American Highway.

The geography of the Darién Gap on the Colombian side is dominated primarily by the river delta of the Atrato River, which creates a flat marshland at least 80 km (50 mi) wide, half of this being swampland. The Serranía del Baudó range extends along Colombia’s Pacific coast and extends into Panama. The Panamanian side, in sharp contrast, is a mountainous rainforest, with terrain reaching from 60 m (200 ft) in the valley floors to 1,845 m (6,053 ft) at the tallest peak (Cerro Tacarcuna, in the Serranía del Darién).

People

The Darién Gap is home to the Embera-Wounaan and Kuna (and the former home of the Cueva people before their extermination in the 16th century). Travel is often by dugout canoe (piragua). On the Panamanian side, La Palma is the capital of the province and the main cultural centre. Other mestizo population centers include Yaviza and El Real. The Darién Gap had a reported population of 1,700 in 1980. Corn, cassava, plantains, and bananas are staple crops wherever land is developed.

Armed conflict and kidnappings

FARC insurgents in 1998

The Darién Gap is subject to the presence and activities of the Marxist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), which has committed assassinations, kidnappings, and human rights violations during its decades-long insurgency against the Colombian government.[23] FARC rebels are present on both the Colombian and Panamanian sides of the border.[24] In 2000, two British travelers, Tom Hart Dyke and Paul Winder, were kidnapped by suspected FARC guerillas in the Darién Gap while hunting for rare orchids, a plant for which Dyke has a particular passion. The two were held captive for nine months and threatened with death before eventually being released unharmed and without a ransom being paid. Dyke and Winder later documented their experience in the book The Cloud Garden and an episode of Locked Up Abroad.

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Other political victims of the Darién Gap include three New Tribes missionaries, who disappeared from Pucuro on the Panamanian side in 1993.[25]

In 2003, Robert Young Pelton, on assignment for National Geographic Adventure magazine, and two traveling companions, Mark Wedeven and Megan Smaker, were detained for one week by the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia, a pro-government paramilitary organization, in a highly publicized incident.[26][27]

In 2013, Swedish backpacker Jan Philip Braunisch disappeared in the area after leaving the Colombian town of Riosucio with the intention of attempting a crossing on foot to Panama, via the Cuenca Cacarica. His skeletal remains were recovered in June 2015 with evidence he had been killed with a shot in the head. The FARC admitted to killing him, confusing him for a foreign spy.[28]

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Ahmadiyya Islam and Muslims are now in Southern Mexico and Latin America

Ahmadiyya Islam and Muslims are now in Southern Mexico and Latin America

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Ahmadiyya (/ɑːməˈdiə/;[1] officially, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community[2] or the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at; Arabic: الجماعة الإسلامية الأحمدية‎‎, transliterated: al-Jamā’ah al-Islāmiyyah al-Aḥmadiyyah; Urdu: احمدیہ مسلم جماعت‎) is an Islamic religious movement founded in Punjab, British India, near the end of the 19th century.[3][4][5][6] It originated with the life and teachings of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1835–1908), who claimed to have appeared in fulfilment of the prophecies concerning the world’s reformer during the end times, who was to bring about, by peaceful means, the final triumph of Islam and herald the eschaton as predicted in Islamic scriptures as well as the traditions of various world religions. He claimed to have been divinely appointed as the Mujaddid (renewer) of Islam, the promised Messiah and Mahdi awaited by Muslims.[7][8][9][10] The adherents of the Ahmadiyya movement are referred to as Ahmadi Muslims or simply Ahmadis.

Ahmadi thought emphasizes the belief that Islam is the final dispensation for humanity as revealed to Muhammad and the necessity of restoring to it its true essence and pristine form, which had been lost through the centuries.[11] Ahmadiyya adherents believe that Ahmad appeared in the likeness of Jesus, to end religious wars, condemn bloodshed and reinstitute morality, justice, and peace. They believe that upon divine guidance he divested Islam of fanatical and innovative beliefs and practices by championing what is, in their view, Islam’s true and essential teachings as practised by Muhammad and the early Islamic community.[12] Thus, Ahmadis view themselves as leading the revival and peaceful propagation of Islam.[13][14]

indigenas_inglesuae-70499arab-world-political-map-also-called-nation-consists-twenty-two-arabic-speaking-countries-league-all-nations-75844656307868be00000578-3412030-image-a-74_1453473784869aaa12060515ial_andalus__christian_kingdomssouth-america-islamph10sauntitleddfgaMap_of_Central_America1

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad founded the movement on 23 March 1889. Since his death, the community has been led by a number of Caliphs and has expanded to 209 countries and territories of the world as of 2016 with concentrations in South Asia, West Africa, East Africa and Indonesia. The Ahmadis have a strong missionary tradition and were among the earliest Muslim communities to arrive in Britain and other Western countries.[11][15] Currently, the community is led by its Caliph, Mirza Masroor Ahmad, and is estimated to number between 10 and 20 million worldwide.[16][17][18][19]

The population is almost entirely contained in the single, highly organized and united movement. In this sense there is only one major branch. However, in the early history of the community, a number of Ahmadis broke away over the nature of Ahmad’s prophethood and succession and formed the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement which today represent a small fraction of all Ahmadis. Some Ahmadiyya-specific beliefs have been thought of as opposed to contemporary mainstream Islamic thought since the movement’s birth, and some Ahmadis have subsequently faced persecution.[10][19][20][21] Many Muslims consider Ahmadi Muslims as either kafirs or heretics.[22][23][24][25]

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Indigenous Maya Peoples converted to Islam and now Muslims in Huehuetenango, Quetzaltenango, Verapaz and El Peten, Guatemala

Indigenous Maya Peoples converted to Islam and now Muslims in Huehuetenango, Quetzaltenango, Verapaz and El Peten, Guatemala

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Islam in Guatemala

The Muslim population of Guatemala is approximately 1,200 (0.008 % of the total population), of which 95% are Palestinian immigrants. There is a mosque in the outskirts of Guatemala City called the Islamic Da’wah Mosque of Guatemala (Spanish: Mezquita de Aldawaa Islámica) which is available for the five daily prayers and offers classes in Islamic studies.[1]

The president of the Islamic Community of the country is Jamal Mubarak.

The main Ahmadiyya mosque in the country is Mezquita Baitul Awwal, first constructed in 1989. However, the Community also has mosques in Huehuetenango and Quetzaltenango. There are about 100 Ahmadis in the country.[2][3]

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http://www.hondurasweekly.com/editorial/item/12377-in-the-name-of-allah-islam-takes-root-in-latin-america

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dfgaMap_of_Central_America1

https://twitter.com/search?q=islam%20guatemala&src=typd

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Indigenous Guatemalans

The Amerindian populations in Guatemala include the K’iche’ 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9% and Q’eqchi 6.3%. 8.6% of the population belongs to other Maya groups, 0.4% belong to non-Maya indigenous peoples. The whole indigenous community in Guatemala is about 40.5% of the population.[20]

Guatemala the Islamic community in Guatemala is growing. The Muslim population of Guatemala is approximately 1,200. Of this population, 95% are Palestinian Arab immigrants. There is a mosque in the outskirts of Guatemala City called the Islamic Da’wah Mosque of Guatemala (Spanish: Mezquita de Aldawaa Islámica) which is available for the five daily prayers and offers classes in Islamic studies.

The president of the Islamic Community of the country is Jamal Mubarak.

Another mosque is the Mezquita Baitul Awwal (1989), run by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.

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Islam: Atacama people the Indigenous Muslims of Atacama Desert and Altiplano, Northern Argentina and Northern Chile

Islam: Atacama people the Indigenous Muslims of Atacama Desert and Altiplano, Northern Argentina and Northern Chile

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The Atacama people, known as atacameños or atacamas in Spanish and kunzas, likan-antai or likanantaí in the native language, are an indigenous people from the Atacama Desert and altiplano region in the north of Chile and Argentina and southern Bolivia.

According to the Argentinean Census in 2010, 13,936 people identified as first-generation Atacameño in Argentina,[2] while Chile was home to 21,015 Atacameño people as of 2002.[1]

Atacameño communities currently living in Argentina include:

Jujuy, Argentina
Salta province, Argentina
  • Comunidad Cerro Negro (de La Poma)
  • Comunidad Esquina de Guardia (atacama)
  • Comunidad de Tipan (atacama)
  • Comunidad lickan antay de corralitos (atacama)
  • Comunidad indígena atacama de Rangel (kolla-atacama)
Catamarca province, departamentos Antofagasta de la Sierra y Santa María

Atacameño communities currently living in Chile include:

Calama communities, Chile
  • Taira.
  • Lasana.
  • San Francisco de Chiuchiu.
  • Ayquina.
  • Caspana.
  • Yalquincha.
  • Likan Tatai.
  • Topater.
  • La Banda.
San Pedro de Atacama communities, Chile
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  • Río Grande.
  • Machuca.
  • Matancilla.
  • Catarpe.
  • Quitor.
  • San Pedro de Atacama.
  • Yayé.
  • Tchecar.
  • Sequitor.
  • Larache.
  • Coyo.
  • Solor.
  • Solcor.
  • Toconao.
  • Camar.
  • Talabre.
  • Socaire.
  • Peine.
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Islam in Chile: The Indigenous Peoples like the Aymara, Quechua Inca, Mapuche, Atacameño, Tehuelche, Yaghan and Selknam are now MUSLIMS

Islam in Chile: The Indigenous Peoples like the Aymara, Quechua Inca, Mapuche, Atacameño, Tehuelche, Yaghan and Selknam are now MUSLIMS

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Indigenous peoples in Chile, or Native Chileans, form about 4.6% of the total population of Chile (692,000 self-identified persons of indigenous origins were registered in 2002).[1] While many Chileans are of partially indigenous descent, typically the term and its legal ramifications are reserved to those who self-identify with and are accepted within one or more indigenous group.

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The Mapuches, from the south, accounted for approximately 85% of this number. There were also small populations of Aymara, Quechua, Atacameño, Kolla, Diaguita, Yaghan, Rapa Nui, and Kawaskhar in other parts of the country,[2] as well as many other extinct cultures such as Cacahue, Chango, Picunche, Chono, Tehuelche, Cunco and Selknam.

Social and economical status

In 2005, CONADI regularized the property titles to approximately 173,000 acres (700 km2) of land that were restored to 300 Aymara families in the north. However, some observers criticized a lack of transparency in CONADI’s land restoration processes and favoritism of the Mapuche over other indigenous groups.[2]

The Ministry of Education provided a package of financial aid consisting of 1,200 scholarships for indigenous elementary and high school students in the Araucania Region during 2005. The government also implemented the Indigenous Scholarship Program that benefited 36,000 low-income indigenous elementary, high school, and college students with good academic performances.[2]

The Mapuche conflict

Main article: Mapuche conflict

As of 2009, there were instances of violent confrontations between indigenous Mapuche groups and landowners, logging companies, and local government authorities in the southern part of the country. The actions took the form of protests and, occasionally, instances of rock throwing, land occupations, and burning of crops or buildings. Many of these actions were initiated by the Coordinadora Arauco Malleco (CAM), an indigenous group that has been accused of terrorist acts.[citation needed]

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Three CAM-related Mapuches and a non-indigenous sympathizer remained imprisoned in a 2001 arson case in which antiterrorism penalties were applied. The four initiated a hunger strike in March, demanding the terrorism convictions be voided to allow their release on parole. In April the court acquitted two other individuals of all charges, criminal and terrorist, in the same case. In September the Senate rejected a proposed law to allow the release of the four imprisoned on terrorist charges. Government-sponsored legislation which would clarify the application of the antiterrorism law remained pending at year’s end.[2]

The government did not act on a United Nations special rapporteur’s 2003 recommendation that there be a judicial review of cases affecting Mapuche leaders. The government had not applied the antiterrorism law in Mapuche-related prosecutions since 2002.[2] However, it began again to apply this law in August, 2009, as the Mapuche conflict deepened following several acts of occupation and arson, as well as the killing of a Mapuche activist.[6]

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The statistics for Islam in Chile estimate a total Muslim population of approximately 3000, representing less than 0.02% of the population.[1] There are a number of Islamic organizations in Chile, including the “Muslim Society of Chile and As-Salam Mosque” (Spanish: Sociedad Musulmana de Chile y Mezquita As-Salam) in Santiago, Chile, “Bilal Mosque“(Mezquita Bilal) in Iquique, and the “Mohammed VI Cultural Center” (Centro Cultural Mohammed VI) in Coquimbo, the Community Islam Sunni Chile (Comunidad Islam Sunni Chile) and the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Chile, which was established in 2011,[2]

History

According to Chronicles of the History of Chile by Aurelio Díaz Meza, there was a man in the expedition of discoverer Diego de Almagro, called Pedro de Gasco who was a morisco, or Muslim from Spain who was forced to convert from Islam to Catholicism. The coming of moriscos was covered by history but, recently scholars of Chilean history have started acknowledging the country’s Moorish heritage and its effects on the development of Chilean culture and identity.

It is known that in 1854 two “Turks” resided in the country, a situation that was repeated in the censuses of 1865 and 1875. Their country of origin is not known, just that they were natives of some territory of the immense Ottoman Empire, and this was followed two years later by the first major wave of Muslims to Chile began in 1856, with the arrival of Arab immigrants from the Ottoman Empire territories consisting of today’s Syria, Lebanon and Palestine.

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According to the 1885 census, the number of “Turks” had risen to 29, but there is no precise information on their origin and their faith, since religion was not included in that census. However, the census of 1895 registered the presence of 76 “Turks”, 58 of them Muslims, who were primarily concentrated in the north of Chile in Tarapacá, Atacama, Valparaiso, and Santiago. In the census of 1907, the Muslim population was reported to have increased to 1,498 people, all of them foreigners. They were 1,183 men and 315 women, representing only 0.04 percent of the population, although this was recorded as the highest percentage of Muslims in Chile’s history.[3] In 1920 a new census showed that the number of Muslims had decreased to 402, with 343 men and 59 women. The greatest numbers were in Santiago and Antofagasta, with 76 in each province. The latest census figures from 2002 found a total of 2,894 Muslims living in Chile (0.03% of the population over 15), 66% of whom were men. The previous census of 1992 did not include Islam as an alternative.

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In Santiago, the first Islamic institution of Chile, the Society of Muslim Union of Chile (Sociedad Unión Musulmana), was founded on 25 September 1926. Later, on 16 October 1927, the Society of Mutual Aids and Islamic Charity was established. With the 1952 census, the number of Muslims had risen again to 956. The majority lived in Santiago, with the rest of the population scattered in the provinces of Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, O’Higgins, Concepción, Malleco, Cautín and Valdivia, without much organization among them. Their numbers decreased again, so that by 1960 there were only 522, with the majority of 209 living in Santiago. A decade later, the number of Muslims had increased to 1,431. However, the census did not indicate whether they were men or women, nationals or foreigners. Nevertheless, they were spread throughout the country.

In 1988, the construction of the mosque of Santiago named Mezquita As-Salam was initiated by Sheikh Taufiq Rumie’, who had led the Muslim community for more than sixty years. The mosque was finished in 1989 and was inaugurated by a prince of Malaysia in 1996, and it was reported that by end of the 1980s, some indigenous Chileans had also converted to Islam, with numbers increasing after the completion of the mosque. Muslim Chilean population was increased by the presence of foreign trade and investment from Muslim countries. Many Malaysian businessmen and their families settled Chile after the inauguration of the mosque by a Malaysian prince. Due to the external interference, and especially to the strengthening of Shia Islam by part of the Iranian help in 1996, they inaugurated Centro de Cultura Islámica, in Las Condes, Santiago, where they consolidated a Shi’ite Muslim community who mostly arrived in Chile in the 19th century. Most Shi’ite Muslim Chileans are of Iranian blood, they may still speak Persian and/or other Iranian language, aside from Arabic and Spanish. In 1997, Pakistani retailers purchased land for the construction of the Bilal Mosque and madrasa in Iquique, which was completed in 1999. Following the death of Sheikh Taufiq Rumie’ in 1998, Usama Abu Gazaleh was elected Imam of the mosque following the passing of Taufiq Rumie’.

Infrastructure

A mosque in Coquimbo.

Through the 1970s and ‘80s, there were no religious leaders or centers for praying. Muslims who maintained the faith met in the residence of Taufik Rumie’ Dalu, a trader of Syrian origin. In 1990 the construction of the Al-Salam Mosque began, the first in the country. In 1995 another mosque was inaugurated in Temuco, and 1998 a new one in Iquique. Sources of the Islamic community indicate that at the moment, in Chile, there are 3,000 Muslims.[citation needed] Many of those are Chileans[citation needed] who, as a result of their conversion, have even changed their names. In spite of the small number of believers, they are not a homogenous community. The majority are Sunni, and the rest are Shiites, Sufi groups have also arisen.

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Islam in Argentina: The Indigenous Peoples will become Muslims like Mapuche, Teheulche, Yaghan, Guarani, Quechua and Aymara Inca, and Selknam

Islam in Argentina: The Indigenous Peoples will become Muslims like Mapuche, Teheulche, Yaghan, Guarani, Quechua and Aymara Inca, and Selknam

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Argentina has 35 indigenous groups or Argentine Amerindians or Native Argentines, according to the Complementary Survey of the Indigenous Peoples of 2004,[2] in the first attempt by the government in more than 100 years to recognize and classify the population according to ethnicity. In the survey, based on self-identification or self-ascription, around 600,000 Argentines declared to be Amerindian or first-generation descendants of Amerindians, that is, 1.49% of the population.[2] The most populous of these were the Aonikenk, Kolla, Qom, Wichí, Diaguita, Mocoví, Huarpe peoples, Mapuche and Guarani[2] In the 2010 census [INDEC], 955,032 Argentines declared to be Amerindian or first-generation descendants of Amerindians, that is, 2.38% of the population.[1] Many Argentines also claim at least one indigenous ancestor: in a recent genetic study conducted by the University of Buenos Aires, more than 56% of the 320 Argentines sampled were shown to have at least one indigenous ancestor in one parental lineage and about 11% had indigenous ancestors in both parental lineages.[3]

Jujuy Province, in the Argentine Northwest, is home to the highest percentage of households (15%) with at least one indigenous person or a direct descendant of an indigenous people; Chubut and Neuquén Provinces, in Patagonia, have upwards of 12%.[4]

The indigenous population of Argentina have a complex history, from being the majority in what is now the Argentine territory to being outnumbered by a Black majority in the Argentine colonial era and the first decades after the Independence of Argentina, to participating in the great Immigration to Argentina (1850-1955), to almost being completely overwhelmed in proportion to the Argentine total population. Argentina received 6.6 million immigrants, second only to the United States with 27 million, and ahead of countries such as Canada, Brazil and Australia.[5][6]

Indigenous communities today

Native rights activist Félix Díaz meets President Mauricio Macri.

Argentina has a total population of 40 million. The Additional Survey on Indigenous Populations, published by the National Institute for Statistics and Census, gives a total of 600,329 people who see themselves as descending from or belonging to indigenous people.[24]

For a number of reasons the different indigenous organisations do not believe this to be a credible survey: First, the methodology used in the survey was considered inadequate, as a large number of indigenous people live in urban areas where the survey was not fully conducted. Second, many indigenous people in the country hide their identity for fear of discrimination. Moreover, when the survey was designed in 2001, it was based on the existence of 18 known peoples in the country, today there exist more than 31 groups. This increase reflects a growing awareness amongst indigenous people in terms of their ethnic belonging.[24]

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As many Argentinians either believe that the majority of the indigenous have died out or are on the verge of doing, or ‘their descendants’ assimilated into Western civilisation many years ago, they wrongly hold the idea that there are no indigenous people in their country. The use of pejorative terms likening the indigenous to lazy, idle, dirty, ignorant and savage are part of the everyday language in Argentina. Due to these incorrect stereotypes many indigenous have over the years been forced to hide their identity in order to avoid being subjected to racial discrimination.[24]

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As of 2011 many natives were still being denied land and human rights. Many of the Qom native community had been struggling to protect the land they claim as ancestral territory and even the lives of its members. A leader of the Aboriginal Community Félix Díaz claimed that his people were being denied medical assistance, did not have much access to drinking water and traders keep raising food prices. He also claimed judges would not even hear the native’s complaints.[25]

Indigenous groups by population

According to the 2010 census there are the following indigenous groups:[1]

Indigenous group Total population Males Females
Mapuche 205,009 103,253 101,756
Toba 126,967 63,772 63,195
Guaraní 105,907 53,788 52,119
Diaguita 67,410 34,295 33,115
Kolla 65,066 32,553 32,513
Quechua 55,493 27,849 27,644
Wichí 50,419 25,513 24,906
Comechingón 34,546 17,077 17,469
Huarpe 34,279 17,098 17,181
Tehuelche 27,813 13,948 13,865
Mocoví 22,439 11,498 10,941
Pampa 22,020 10,596 11,424
Aymara 20,822 10,540 10,282
Avá Guaraní 17,899 9,438 8,461
Rankulche 14,860 7,411 7,449
Charrúa 14,649 7,192 7,457
Atacama 13,936 7,095 6,841
Mbya-Guaraní 7,379 3,872 3,507
Omaguaca 6,873 3,551 3,322
Pilagá 5,137 2,623 2,514
Tonocote 4,853 2,437 2,416
Lulé 3,721 1,918 1,803
Tupí Guaraní 3,715 1,872 1,843
Querandí 3,658 1,776 1,882
Chané 3,034 1,559 1,475
Sanavirón 2,871 1,399 1,472
Ona 2,761 1,383 1,378
Chorote 2,270 1,177 1,093
Maimará 1,899 876 1,023
Chulupi 1,100 537 563
Vilela 519 279 240
Tapiete 407 217 189
Others 5,301 2,681 2,620
Total 955,032 481,074 473,958

Indigenous groups by region

Northeast

This region includes the provinces of Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Formosa, Misiones, Santa Fe, and parts of Santiago del Estero Province.

Northwest

This region includes the provinces of Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, San Juan, parts of Santiago del Estero Province, and Tucumán.

Central

This region includes the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and the provinces of Buenos Aires, Córdoba, La Pampa, Mendoza, and San Luis.

South

This region includes the provinces of Chubut, Neuquén, Río Negro, Santa Cruz, and Tierra del Fuego.

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Islam in Argentina is represented by one of Latin America’s largest Muslim minorities. Although accurate statistics on religion are not available (because the national census does not solicit religious data) the actual size of Argentina‘s Muslim community is estimated around 1% of the total population (400,000 to 500,000 members) according to the International Religious Freedom Report 2010.[1] The Pew Research Centre estimates about 1,000,000 Muslims in Argentina in the year 2010.[2] The Association of Religion Data Archives however approximates that 1.9% of the population profess Islam as their faith.[3]

Islamic institutions in Argentina

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The first two mosques in the country were built in Buenos Aires in the 80s: At-Tauhid Mosque was opened in 1983 by the shia community of Buenos Aires and with the support of the Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran to Argentina, while Al Ahmad Mosque was opened in 1985 for the sunni muslims and is the first building with Islamic architecture in the country. There are also several mosques in other cities and regions throughout the country, including two in Córdoba, two in Mar del Plata and the southermost Sufi mosque in the world, in El Bolsón.

The King Fahd Islamic Cultural Centre, the largest mosque in South America, was completed in 1996 with the help of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, the then King of Saudi Arabia, Fahd, on a piece of land measuring 20,000 m². The total land area granted by the Argentine government measures 34,000 m², and was offered by President Carlos Menem following his visit to Saudi Arabia in 1992. The project cost around US$30 million, and includes a mosque, library, two schools, a park, is located in the middle-class district of Palermo, Buenos Aires.

The Islamic Organization of Latin America (IOLA), headquartered in Argentina, is considered the most active organization in Latin America in promoting Islamic affiliated endeavors. The IOLA holds events to promote the unification of Muslims living in Latin America, as well as the propagation of Islam.

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Islam in Brazil. Indigenous Peoples of Brazil like Tupi, Guarani and Amazonian Tribes in Tri Border Region will become Muslims in 2050

Islam in Brazil. Indigenous Peoples of Brazil like Tupi, Guarani and Amazonian Tribes in Tri Border Region will become Muslims in 2050

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Indigenous people in Brazil (Portuguese: povos indígenas no Brasil), or Native Brazilians (Portuguese: nativos brasileiros), comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who have inhabited what is now the country of Brazil since prior to the European invasion around 1500. Unlike Christopher Columbus, who thought he had reached the East Indies, the Portuguese, most notably Vasco da Gama, had already reached India via the Indian Ocean route when they reached Brazil.

Nevertheless, the word índios (“American Indian”) was by then established to designate the people of the New World and continues to be used today in the Portuguese language to designate these people, while a person from India is called indiano in order to distinguish the two.

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At the time of European contact, some of the indigenous people were traditionally mostly semi-nomadic tribes who subsisted on hunting, fishing, gathering, and migrant agriculture. Many of the estimated 2,000 nations and tribes which existed in the 16th century suffered extinction as a consequence of the European settlement, and many were assimilated into the Brazilian population.

The indigenous population was largely killed by European diseases, declining from a pre-Columbian high of millions to some 300,000 (1997), grouped into 200 tribes. However, the number could be much higher if the urban indigenous populations are counted in all the Brazilian cities today. A somewhat dated linguistic survey[3] found 188 living indigenous languages with 155,000 total speakers.

Indigenous_brazil

On January 18, 2007, FUNAI reported that it had confirmed the presence of 67 different uncontacted tribes in Brazil, up from 40 in 2005. With this addition Brazil has now surpassed New Guinea as the country having the largest number of uncontacted people.

Brazilian indigenous people have made substantial and pervasive contributions to the world’s medicine with knowledge used today by pharmaceutical corporations, material, and cultural development—such as the domestication of tobacco, cassava, and other crops.

In the last IBGE census (2010), 817,000 Brazilians classified themselves as indigenous.

Major ethnic groups

For complete list see List of Indigenous people in Brazil

Two indigenous men

A Brazilian Indian family

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Islam is a minority religion in Brazil, first brought by African slaves and then by Lebanese and Syrian immigrants.[1] It is not independently included in charts and graphics representing religions in Brazil, being grouped in “other religions”, which generally represent about 1% of the country’s population. The number of Muslims in Brazil, according to the 2010 Brazilian census, was 35,207.[2] Muslim associations in Brazil, however, gave higher numbers of adherents: from 400,000 to 1.5 million.[3] These estimates encompass a range of 0.01-0.75% of the Brazilian population.

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Population

According to the Brazilian census of 2010[15] there were 35,167 Muslims living in the country, primarily concentrated in the states of São Paulo and Paraná, compared to 22,450 Muslims in 1990 and 27,239 in 2000.[16] There are significant Muslim communities in the industrial suburbs of the city of São Paulo and in the port city of Santos, as well as in smaller communities in Paraná State in the coastal region and in Curitiba and Foz do Iguaçu in the ArgentinaBrazilParaguay triborder area. The community is overwhelmingly Sunni; the Sunnis are almost completely assimilated into broader society. The recent Shi’ite immigrants gravitate to small insular communities in São Paulo, Curitiba, and Foz do Iguaçu.

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A recent trend has been the increase in conversions to Islam among non-Arab citizens.[17] A recent Muslim source estimated that there are close to 10,000 Muslim converts living in Brazil.[13] During the past 30 years, Islam has become increasingly noticeable in Brazilian society by building not only mosques, but also libraries, arts centres, and schools and also by funding newspapers.[18] The growth of Islam within Brazil is demonstrated in the fact that 2 of the 3 existing Portuguese translations of the Qur’an were created by Muslim translators in São Paulo.[13]

Infrastructure

Islamic Centre of Campinas.

As has been the case in many of the larger metropolitan mosques in South America, foreign assistance and individual effort have played major roles in the sustainability of the mosques in the greater São Paulo area. For example, the Imam of the Av. Do Estado Mosque is from the Middle East and often Imams are chosen jointly by the Mosques’ management committees and the Arab governments that pay for the Imam’s services. Ismail Hatia, a South African who came to Brazil in 1956, built a mosque in Campinas many years ago. Hatia, who also runs a language school, felt that the approximately 50 Muslim families in Campinas were in dire need of some community organization to help provide cohesion and direction for the Muslims. The Campinas mosque now holds regular Friday juma’at prayers.

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Posting Habits

Posting Habits

9ae7ccadceab8a00af1e24c6b600595a-image-400x400

A) Blogging Websites:
Blogger or Blogspot
Wordpress
Tumblr
Livejournal
LinkedIn
Typepad (Pay first)

B) Website making Websites:
Wix
Weebly
Tripod
Webs

C) Social Websites most recommend:
Vk.com
Myspace

D) Social Website NOT recommended:
Facebook
Twitter

E) Document Websites:
Scribd
Slideshare
Justpaste.it

F) Darkweb, Darknet and Deepweb
Tor Browser
Tails
I2P
Freenet

G) Meme Generator
Memegen
Memegenerator.net
Frabz
Troll.me
Imgflip
Imgur
Memecenter
Memecrunch
Memecreator
Weknowmemes
Quickmeme
Cheezburger

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18th Street gang is no Match to ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Hamas, Taliban and Hezbollah and Political/Radical Islam in the Indigenous Mayan Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador Central America Northern Triangle

18th Street gang is no Match to ISIS Islamic State (ISIL/IS) Daesh, Al Qaeda, Hamas, Taliban and Hezbollah and Political/Radical Islam in the Indigenous Mayan Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador Central America Northern Triangle

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18th Street gang, also known as Calle 18, Barrio 18, La18 or Mara-18 in Central America,[1][3][4][5] is a multi-ethnic transnational criminal organization that started as a street gang in the Rampart area of Los Angeles, California. They are considered to be the largest transnational criminal gang in Los Angeles and it is estimated that there are tens of thousands of members in Los Angeles County alone. Their wide-ranging illegal activities and notoriety has come to the attention of the FBI and Immigration and Customs Enforcement. In the early 2000s, the government initiated raids against known and suspected gang members netting hundreds of arrests across the country.

History

18th Street gang started near 18th Street and Union Avenue in the Rampart District of Los Angeles.[1] There is conflicting information as to the exact area, but this is a generally accepted area by most academic sources. They were originally part of Clanton 14 but wanted to make a separate clique called Clanton 18th Street and allow immigrants the opportunity to join. This proposal was rejected by the Clanton 14, which led to the formation of the 18th Street gang. The two gangs have been bitter rivals ever since.[6] The 18th Street gang grew by expanding its membership to other nationalities and races, and it was among the first multiracial, multi-ethnic gangs in Los Angeles.[1] In the beginning, they were made up largely of second-generation Hispanics.[1] As the 18th Street gang began to battle with more established Hispanic gangs, they began to recruit outside the Hispanic community. There are approximately 200 separate individual autonomous gangs operating under the same name within separate barrios in the San Fernando Valley, the San Gabriel Valley, South Bay, Riverside California, East Los Angeles, South Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles, Pico Union, Inglewood, Lynwood, South Gate, Huntington Park, Maywood, Long Beach, Orange County, and Los Angeles’ Westside, according to the latest figures from the NDIC.[citation needed] In the early 2000s, the Federal Bureau of Investigation initiated wide-scale raids against known and suspected gang members, netting hundreds of arrests across the country.

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Central America

As what may have started as a Mexican gang, 18th Street quickly became mainly a Central American gang as the 18th Street started to recruit more members of other ethnic groups.[7][8][9][10] When Central American gang members were arrested in the United States, they were then deported back to Central America where the gang rose out-of-control on different levels of violence not just in El Salvador, but in Honduras and Guatemala as well. The gang became one of the most violent gangs in Central America.[11][12][13][14] The 18th Street later became a bitter rival of MS-13 as both gangs wanted the top spot in Central America. Most Members of 18th Street are now Central American. Members of Central America are mainly Salvadoran, Guatemalan, and Honduran, but the gang does have gang members of other parts of Central America. 18th Street influences have recently been spotted in Belize as well.[15][16][17][18]

Location

The majority of 18th Street cliques operate throughout Southern California, but are active in other states and internationally as well. Los Angeles members began migrating to other areas outside America and started to establish their own cliques. 18th Street cliques have been identified in 120 cities in 37 states and the District of Columbia in the United States, as well internationally in Spain, Australia, Canada, England, France, Germany, Lebanon, Peru, Philippines, Chile, Ecuador, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.[19]

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Indigenous peoples in Colombia: The Foundation of Islam and Indigenous Muslims in Colombia will become more POWERFUL than FARC, AUC, Drug Cartels and ELN

Indigenous peoples in Colombia: The Foundation of Islam and Indigenous Muslims in Colombia will become more POWERFUL than FARC, AUC, Drug Cartels and ELN